Iodine Clock Reaction: Concentration Effect

Topics: Reaction rate, Chemical reaction, Sodium, Iodine, Chemistry, Measurement / Pages: 6 (1498 words) / Published: May 9th, 2013
EFFECT OF CONCENTRATION ON REACTION RATE

The aim of this experiment is to find the effect of varying the concentration of iodide ions on the rate of reaction between hydrogen peroxide and an acidified solution of potassium iodide: H2O2(aq) + 2H+(aq) + 2I⁻ → 2H2O(l) + I2(aq) The course of this reaction can be followed by carrying it out in the presence of small quantities of starch and sodium thiosulfate solutions. As the iodine molecules are produced they immediately react with the thiosulfate ions and are converted back to iodide ions: I2(aq) + 2S2O32⁻(aq) → 2I⁻(aq) + S4O62⁻(aq) During this period the reaction mixture remains colourless. But once the thiosulfate ions have been used up, a blue/black colour suddenly appears because the iodine molecules now get the chance to react with the starch. A series of experiments will be carried out in which only the concentration of the iodide ions will be varied. the concentration and volumes of the other chemicals involved will be kept constant as well as the temperature at which the experiments are performed. Since the amount of thiosulfate ions initially present will be the same in each experiment, the appearance of the blue/black colour will always represent the same extent of the reaction. So it t is the time taken for the blue/black colour to appear then we can take 1/t as a measure of the reaction rate*. Apparatus and Chemicals

selection of syringes 100 cm3 glass beakers white tile timer distilled water

1 mol dm⁻3 sulfuric acid 0.1mol dm⁻3 potassium iodide 0.1mol dm⁻3 hydrogen peroxide 0.005 mol dm⁻3 sodium thiosulfate 1% starch

Hazards: Both the sulfuric acid and hydrogen peroxide solutions irritate the eyes. Care: Wear eye protection. If any chemical splashes on your skin, wash it off immediately. When using

the syringes always keep them pointing downwards.

Procedure 1. Using syringes make up the following mixtures in five dry 100 cm3 beakers.

Mixture Volume of sulfuric acid/cm3 Volume of

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