invertebrates

Topics: Organ, Human anatomy, Anatomy Pages: 6 (913 words) Published: February 24, 2014


An Overview of Anatomy

Laszlo Vass, Ed.D. Version 42-0001-00-01

Lab RepoRt assistant
This document is not meant to be a substitute for a formal laboratory report. The Lab Report Assistant is simply a summary of the experiment’s questions, diagrams if needed, and data tables that should be addressed in a formal lab report. The intent is to facilitate students’ writing of lab reports by providing this information in an editable file which can be sent to an instructor.

obseRvations
What is the purpose of this exercise?

Are there any safety concerns associated with this exercise? If so, list what they are and what precautions should be taken.

Exercise 1: Anatomical Position
Question
A. Explain why it is important to have a universally accepted anatomical position when studying the structure of humans. In order to minimize any error or confusion, “directional terminology begins with a certain assumption about the position of the body under consideration.

Exercise 2: Surface Anatomy
Questions

A. Review Figure 3. Complete the table by placing each letter from the figure next to its corresponding body landmark.

Figure 1: Anatomical
landmarks
Body Landmark
Letter
1. Sural
K
2. Popliteal
D
3. Tarsal
E
4. Calcaneal
L
5. Brachial
F
6. Cranial
A
7. Acromial
H
8. Buccal
B
9. Axillary
C
10. Olecranal
I
11. Occipital
G
12. Lumbar
J

B. Mr. Shmelgenbelcher has had a rough day. He woke up with a pain in his cervical region. He fell off his bike and bruised his crural region. He pulled a muscle in his inguinal region and was whacked by a revolving door in his scapular region. Describe where each of these areas of the body is located on poor Mr. Shmelgenbelcher.

Cervical-Neck
Inguinal-groin
Crural-front of lower leg
Scapular-shoulder blade

Exercise 3: Body Orientation

A. Use the directional terms to fill in the blanks.

a. The nose is medial to the ears.
b. The elbow is distal to the shoulder and proximal to the wrist. c. The heart is ventral to the spine. d. The stomach is inferior to the ribs.
e. The pinky finger is medial to the thumb. f.Muscles are superficial to the skeleton. g. The mouth is medial and inferior to the ears. h. The brain is cephalic to the spinal cord.

Exercise 4: Body Planes and Sections

In the space below, draw the cut sections of your potato for each of the three body planes:

Question

A. Which of the following organs would not be visible if you cut the body in a mid-sagittal section? Explain below.

a. The brain

b. The stomach

c. The heart

d. The kidneys

Explain.
The kidneys. The kidneys are too far lateral from a mid-sagittal cut to be seen

Exercise 5: Body Cavities
Questions

A. What organs are found in the pelvic cavity?
a. Rectum, urinary bladder, urethra, reproductive organs.

B. If the doctor presses on the right hypochondriac region, what organ is the doctor likely pressing on? a. Either the liver or the gallbladder

C. Describe what is found in the dorsal body cavity.
a. Cranial cavity, vertebral canal, meninges

D. What two body cavities may be invaded by a brain tumor?
a. Cranial and Dorsal

Exercise 6: Organ Systems
Questions

A. Complete the following table by filling in the missing system name, major organs, or functions.

Organ System
Major Organs
Functions
1.Respiratory system

Nasal passages, pharynx, larynx, trachea, lungs
Absorption of ocygen,...
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