Inventory of Policies and Programs to Prevent School Dropouts in India

Pages: 49 (13635 words) Published: January 19, 2013
INVENTORY OF POLICIES AND PROGRAMS RELATED TO DROPOUTS IN INDIA

Contract No. EDH-I-00-05-00029-00 Task Order AID-OAA-TO-10-00010 July 22, 2011 This document was produced for review by the United States Agency for International Development. It was prepared by Creative Associates International.

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Inventory of Policies and Programs Related to Dropouts in India

Submitted to: United States Agency for International Development Washington, DC

Submitted by: Creative Associates International, Inc. Washington, DC

July 22, 2011

This report was made possible by the American People through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The contents of this report are the sole responsibility of Creative Associates International and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the United States Government.

DEC Submission Requirements a. USAID Award Number b. USAID Objective Title c. USAID Project Title d. USAID Program Area and Program Element Contract No. EDH-I-00-05-00029-00 Task Order AID-OAA-TO-10-00010 Investing in People (IIP) USAID Asia and Middle East Regional School Dropout Prevention Pilot (SDPP) Program Education (program area 3.2) Basic Education (program element 3.2.1) Inventory of Policies and Programs Related to Dropouts in India Lorie Brush, Jennifer Shin, Rajani Shrestha Creative Associates International, Inc. 5301 Wisconsin Avenue, NW, Suite 700 Washington, DC 20015 Telephone: 202 966 5804 Fax: 202 363 4771 Contact: KarenT@creativedc.com AME/ME/TS Rebecca Adams, COTR July 22, 2011 English

e. Descriptive Title f. Author Name(s)

g. Contractor name

Sponsoring USAID h. Operating Unit and COTR i. j. Date of Publication Language of Document

Table of Contents

List of Tables ........................................................................................................................................... ii Acronyms ................................................................................................................................................ iii Executive Summary .............................................................................................................................. 1 I. Introduction .................................................................................................................................... 2

II. Policies and Programs................................................................................................................. 4 A.Legal Context of Education ...................................................................................................................................4 B. School Facilities .....................................................................................................................................................8 C. Teacher Recruitment, Training, and Behavior in the Classroom ..........................................................................8 D. School Support Services......................................................................................................................................10 E. Cultural Practices ................................................................................................................................................12

III. Options for SDPP Interventions .......................................................................................... 133 Appendix A: Country Charts of Policies and Programs for India.................................... 155 References .......................................................................................................................................... 377

School Dropout Prevention Pilot Program Inventory of Policies and Programs – India, July 2011

Page i

List of Tables
Table 1: India’s Policies on Compulsory and Free Education Table 2: India’s Policies on Examinations and Promotion Table 3: India’s Policies and Programs to Support...

References: Azim Premji Foundation. (No date provided). Learning Guarantee Programme: A Learning Journey: 2002 – 2005. Available at http://www.azimpremjifoundation.org/downloads/LGPconcept.pdf Aggarwal, Y. (2001). Quality Concerns in Primary Education in India – Where is the Problem? New Delhi: National Institute of Educational Planning and Administration; http://www.dise.in/Downloads/Reports&Studies/Quality%20Concerns%20in%20Primary%20Ed ucation.pdf. Battacharjea, S. (2007). In School But Not Reading, in ASER Discussion Series: Learning to Read. Mumbai: Pratham Resource Centre. Available at http://www.dise.in/Downloads/Use%20of%20Dise%20Data/Krishna%20Narayan.pdf. Kaul, V. & Sankar, D. (2009). Early Childhood Care and Education in India. Available at http://www.educationforallinindia.com/early-childhood-care-and-education-in-india.pdf. Kaushal, Savita. (2008). A Study of Best Practices in the Implementation of Mid-Day-Meal Program in Rajasthan. Available at http://www.educationforallinindia.com/mid-day-meal.html. Majumdar, M. (2006). Primary Education: Debating Quality and Quantity. Economic and Political Weekly, 41 (9), 785-88. Ministry of Human Resource Development (India). (9 February 2008). National Evaluation II, Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidhyalaya. Available at http://ssa.nic.in/research-studies/KGBV%20%20NPEGEL%20Evaluation%20Report%20Feb%2008.zip/view. Ministry of Human Resource Development. (December 16, 2010). Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan Framework of Implementation. Available at http://www.cips.org.in/public-sector-systemsgovernment-innovations/documents/articles/draft_ssa_framework.pdf. Ministry of Human Resource Development. (No date provided), Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan Alternative and Innovative Education. Available at http://ssa.ap.nic.in/Alternative%20schooling.pdf. People’s Council for Social Welfare. (No date provided). Research Report on Status of Child Labor after Implementation of New Legislation banning child labors in all commercial activities. Available at http://pcswindia.org/reports/child%20labor.pdf. Planning Commission, Government of India. (2010). Performance Evaluation of Cooked MidDay Meal. Available at http://education.nic.in/Elementary/mdm/data/peo_cmdm0106.pdf. Ramachandran, V. and ERU Research Team. (2004). Snakes and Ladders: Factors Influencing Successful Primary School Completion for Children in Poverty Contexts, South Asia Human Development Sector Report #6. New Delhi: World Bank.
School Dropout Prevention Pilot Program Inventory of Policies and Programs – India, July 2011
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Ramachandran, V. & Sethi, H. (2000). Rajasthan Shiksha Karmi Project: An Overall Appraisal. Desk Study commissioned by SIDA, Embassy of Sweden, New Delhi. Rana, K., Rafique, A., & Sengupta, A. (2002). The Pratichi Education Report 1. New Delhi: TLM Books and Pratichi Trust. Thomas, J. (2001). Dynamics of Educational Deprivation: A Case Study of Selected Backward Villages in Kerala, in A. Vaidyanathan & P.R. Gopinathan Nair (Eds.), Elementary Education in Rural India: A Grassroots View. New Delhi: Sage Publications, pp. 166-216.
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