Inventions of the 18th century

Topics: Industrial Revolution / Pages: 8 (1979 words) / Published: Apr 10th, 2014
Just imagine how our lives would be if all of the technology and inventions we have in today’s modern society were never invented. A history marking event called the Industrial Revolution began in England in the middle of the 18th century and spread to the rest of Europe and the United States in the early 19th century. This era changed the way people worked and lived in drastic ways. New machines were invented and a large part of the population moved from the countryside to urban areas. In the early 1800’s, the Industrial Revolution spread to the European mainland and across the Atlantic to the United States. By 1850, Belgium, France and Germany became leading industrial nations on the continent. Also, Japan was one of the first Asian countries to start producing goods in factories. Russian industrialization started in the early 1900’s. China and India did not become industrial powers until after World War II, largely because both countries were occupied by foreign powers. Before the Industrial Revolution, the common person worked at home, on farms or in small workshops. Making cloth was done entirely by hand and cotton was spun to thread or yarn on a spinning wheel. In the 1700’s, people began buying more and more goods, so textile traders began to look for faster and cheaper ways of producing clothes. The first spinning machine came up in the early 18th century. By 1780, spinning was done mostly in new factories where workers gathered. The workday began and ended at certain times. Many factory employees worked up to 16 hours a day for very little payment. This is due to the fact that factory owners wanted to keep production costs low. Sometimes whole families went to work in factories; while men were employed at iron and steel mills, women and children found work in new textile factories. Working conditions were bad and many workers became ill and died. There was no type of union at that time to protect them. Although lower and middle class workers led a

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