Invention of The Telephone

Topics: Alexander Graham Bell, Telephone, Bell Telephone Company Pages: 7 (1736 words) Published: December 4, 2014


The Invention of the Telephone:
The Silver Lining in Communications
Outline
Thesis: The steps and process to how the invention of the telephone was made and came about. 1. The usage of the Telegraph.
a) The telegraph was the form of communication in the 1800s. b) There was a growing demand for more and more messages be sent at once by the device. c) Alexander created the Harmonic Telegraph which led to the invention of the telephone.

2. The process of making The Telephone
A. Bell shaped a piece of steel like a clarinet reed and tune it to transmit sound. B. Bell discovered the need for high resistance coils, instead of low resistance coils, to be next to the transmitter's electromagnet

3. The arrival of Telephone
A. It’s social impact
B. The success of The telephone

The Invention of the Telephone:
The Silver Lining of Communications
The invention of the telephone has made our lives much easier. Before the telephone was invented people use to communicate by fire or a light from a torch. Native Americans actually developed a more complex system of signaling with fire by controlling the release of the smoke, but such smoke signals also had their limitations. Another way to send a message between places that weren't too far apart was to use sounds better than the human voice. African tribes used drums to communicate. The way they used to get messages across from place to place was by foot, but once they learned how to use horses the messengers could get the message much faster. In the nineteenth-century the message delivery system was called Pony Express. It took about ten days for the message to get to the destination. Within no time the telegraph was introduced in the 1800's. The first message was send on May 24, to the Supreme Court. The inventor of the telephone was Alexander Graham Bell. He was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, on March 3, 1847. His father and grandfather were both elocutionists It was the year 1872, people were still using the telegraph, and there was still a decade until there was electricity. The telegraph was a much faster means of communication than anything that have been known before, but it had drawbacks. If you wanted to send a telegraph you had to go to the telegraph office. The message in itself in the dots and dashes of the Morse Code arrived quickly but at the receiving end it had either to be delivered to or collected by a recipient(Pollard 11). There was a growing demand for more and more messages be sent at once by the device. One man wanted to make a harmonic telegraph, to help the deaf. Alexander Graham Bell had no idea what he was doing when he tried to make a harmonic telegraph. It was an idea that would bloom into making a telephone, which would connect two people from different towns and let them communicate through the powers electricity. Many thought that Bell was crazy, but he fulfilled his idea and made the wonderful device we call the telephone. He began with the idea of the harmonic telegraph, to to help the deaf understand speech. He gradually moved on to figuring out how to make the sound to travel through the wire to a person on the other end, resulting in the first sound transmission by telephone, When he later was having a two-way conversation with the device. He and his assistant, a young electrician named Mr. Thomas Watson, began giving public demonstrations. In the fall of 1877, many people had Bell's invention in their communities. The harmonic telegraph was an important idea, since it led to the telephone. Bell started thinking around the 1870s about a device to help the deaf (Bailey). Instead he came up a device that would allow someone to speak into one end, and it would turn into a code again on the other end. He ended up using two identical Clarinet reed-shaped piece of steel, and had to tune it so that the sound could travel and be exactly the same (Webb 23). Bell, and several others who were trying the same thing, thought that if a...

Cited: Bailey, Ellen. "Alexander Graham Bell: From Telegraph to Telephone." 1 Jan.
Bellis, Mary. “The history of the telephone”. 1992
Gray, C. Reluctant Genius Alexander Graham Bell and the Passion for Invention. New York, NY: Arcade Publishing, Inc.
Mcleod, Elizabeth. “Alexander Graham Bell”.2000
Pollard, Michael “The Fear of The Telephone”. 1997
Webb, M. (1992). Telephones-Words Over Wires. Sandiego, CA: Lucent Books.
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