Invasion of Privacy Law

Topics: Privacy, Human rights, Law Pages: 8 (1484 words) Published: April 28, 2014
media law – com 441
Invasion of Privacy Law
The UAE and other countries

Amal Mohammed Ahmed

A doctor who uses medical reports without permission and posts them on a website, a neighbor who eavesdrops to a private conversation and causes harm, a competition which reveals the winners addresses, phone numbers, or private information on a radio show, all of these scenarios listed violate a person’s right of privacy because the violation was deliberately done. Privacy law is a regulation or act that protects a person's right to be private. (Business Dictionary, 2014) The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, article 12, states: No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honor and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks. (Ice land Human Right Centre, 2014) There are four types of privacy invasions which are:

Intrusion of Solitude
This type of invasion happens when a person intrudes another person’s private life, such as snooping through someone’s private records, or personal conversations, or taking photographs of someone inside their home, or sometimes never-ending phone calls even after being asked to stop. This type of invasion does not include any publications; it merely concentrates on personal intrusion which would mostly harm a person’s emotions which by itself violates the law.

Appropriation of Name or Likeness
Pursuers may prosecute if someone uses their name or likeness without their permission. A good example would be if a company uses a celebrity name or likeness to promote an item. The person’s name or likeness is considered a person’s property. For celebrities it is usually called the “right of publicity.” For example, in March 2003, eight members of the cast of The Sopranos alleged that electronics retailer Best Buy used their images in newspaper ads without permission. Public Disclosure of Private Facts

If an individual publicity reveals information that is not public concern and the person feels offended by the act then it is considered a violation and a legal action must be made. For example, “if the defendant reveals private facts about plaintiff that are contained in a last will and testament, the plaintiff cannot bring a cause of action based on this disclosure because a will is a public document and thus, anything contained in it, no matter how private or personal to the plaintiff, is a matter of public record.” (National Paralegal College, 2014) The accuser must prove that the expose is highly offensive for example, if the respondent exposes that the accuser likes to drink orange juice before going to bed it is not highly offensive but if the respondent exposes that the accuser has multiple affairs then it would be highly offensive. False Light

It is an invasion of privacy which occurs when information is published about a person that is false or places the person in a false light. The false light allows the individual to sue for public expose of information that is deceptive and the defendant must prove that the public have the wrong impression about him/her. For example, “in 1992, a 96-year-old woman sued an Arkansas newspaper for printing her picture next to the headline, “Special Delivery: World’s older newspaper carrier, 101, quits because she’s pregnant!” The woman, who was not pregnant, was awarded damages of $1.5 million.” (Thomson Reuters, 2014) Privacy Law in the UAE

The UAE’s federal law no 34 of 2005, article 378 punishes any person who attacks the sanctity of an individuals’ private or family life by committing any of the following acts without the victim’s permission. (UAE Penal Code, 2012) a. Eavesdropping or recording any kind of conversation held at a particular place. b. Taking or transmitting by any system an individual’s pictures, the same punishment is also given if a person publishes news,...

Bibliography: Business Dictionary. (2014). Privacy Law. Retrieved from
Hayat, M. (2007). Privacy and Islam: From the Quran to data protection in Pakistan. Retrieved from
Iceland Human Right Centre. (2014). The Rights to Privacy and Family Life. Retrieved from
Leijin, M. (2013). Capturing videos can be invasion of privacy. Emirates 247. Retrieved on July 20, 2013 from
National Paralegal College. (2014). Public Disclosure of Private Facts. Retrieved from
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UAE Penal Code. (2012). Weslaw Gulf – Summary Page. Retrieved from
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