Introduction to Tourism

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* . Chapter 1Introduction to Tourism * 2. Learning Objectives Understand what tourism is and its many definitions. Learn the component of tourism and tourism management. Knows the benefits and costs of tourism * 3. Introduction Tourism is the leader in the production of new jobs. Tourism has developed an important part of the economic foundation of many countries. Growth rate of services sector faster than any other. * 4. Tourism – Myths and Realities Myths RealitiesThe majority of tourism in the world is Tourism in the world is predominantlyinternational domestic (people traveling their own country). Domestic tourism accounts for about 80% of tourist trips.Most tourism journeys in the world are by air The majority of trips are surface transportas tourists jet-set from country to country (mainly by car.Tourism is only about leisure holidays. Tourism includes all types of purpose of visit, including business, conference and education.Employment in tourism means substantial Most employment in tourism is in thetravel and the chance to learn language. hospitality sector and involve little travel.Large multinational companies such as hotels The vast majority of tourism enterprises inchains and airlines dominate tourism. every destination are SMEsTourism is a straightforward sector demanding Tourism is a complex multi-sectoral industrylittle research or planning demanding high-level planning underpinned by research to succeed. * 5. What is Tourism? Four different perspectives of tourism can be identified: The tourist: The tourist seeks various psychic and physical experience and satisfactions. The nature of these will largely determine the destinations chosen and the activities enjoyed. The business providing tourist goods and services: Business people see tourism as an opportunity to make a profit by supplying the goods and services that the tourist markets demand. The government of the host community or area: politicians view tourism as a wealth factor

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