Introduction to Media and Communication

Topics: Radio, Broadcasting, Frequency modulation Pages: 9 (3254 words) Published: August 26, 2013
INTRODUCTION TO MEDIA AND COMMUNICATION
COM 167

RADIO

NAME: ANIS NASYUHA BINTI YUZAMRI
MATRIC CARD NO :2013827476
CLASS:1 A
NAME OF LECTURER : MR. WAN HASRIDZAL BIIN WAN ABU BAKAR

CONTENT

INTRODUCTION3
1DISCUSSION ON TOPIC PERTAINING COMMUNICATION AND MEDIA VALUES7
1.1ADVANTAGES OF RADIO7
2IDENTIFY PROBLEM AND CONFLICT OF RADIO9
2.1DISADVANTAGES OF RADIO9
3RECOMMENDATION11
4CONCLUSION13
5REFERENCE15
6APPENDIX16

*

* INTRODUCTION

The radio has been the first device to allow for mass communication. It has enabled information to be transferred far and wide, not only nationally wide but internationally as well. The development of the radio began in 1842 with Samuel Morse’s invention of the telegraph, which was important precursor to radio. Then, Guglielmo Marconi developed wireless telegraph. The early uses of the radio were mainly for maintaining contact between ships out a sea. However, this initial radio was unable to transmit speech, and instead sent Morse code messages back and forth between ships and stations on the land. During time of distress, a sinking ship would use a radio messaged nearby vessels and stations on the land to ask for aid. The law required ships at sea to leave their radio on 24 hours a day and required federal licensing of all radio transmitter ( RADIO ACT OF 1912 ). Edwin Armstrong made an early radio used amplitude modulation ( AM ), which have static and poor sound quality for music. Frequency modulation ( FM ) had less static but better sound quality for music. The radio also saw a surge of use during the First World War. Both sides used the radio to relay messages to troops and top officials as well as people not on the battle front. At the end of the war, President Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points was sent to Germany via use of the radio. After the war’s end, with the growth of radio receivers, broadcasting began in Europe and The United States. Europe’s most famous broadcasting station, the British Broadcasting Company or BBC, began following in 1922. In fact, Marconi was one of the founding members along with other prominent leaders in the field of wireless manufacturers. Broadcasts began locally in London, but by 1925 it has spread to most of the United Kingdom. The station aired plays, classical music and variety programs. However, the newspaper industry maintained a strong hold over the new. In 1926 this all changed due to a newspaper strike in England. With no news being published it fell on the BBC to supply the information for the public. In 1927 the BBC became the British Broadcasting Corporation when it was granted it a Royal Charter. When the Second World War began all the television stations shut down and it fell on the shoulders of the radio to cover the war. Following the war radio saw its greatest advancements and a turn towards its more modern form. The devastation of Britain made its citizens look for an outlet in radio entertainment. People enjoyed listening to the music, plays and discussion that the BBC played. During the 1960s with the expansion of radio to FM more programs were played and local BBC stations opened up across England. Radio in Europe continued to expand and in the 1990s new radio stations, like Radio 1, 4 and 5 began broadcasting with genres like sports and comedy appealing to new audiences. As the BBC entered into the new millennium its popularity continued to grow. Its broadcasts of “The Century Speaks”, an oral history of the 20th century and a reading of “Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone” helped to gain more listeners. In 2002 the BBC expanded to the digital market and saw its greatest expansion as new stations like 1Xtra, 5 Live, Sports Extra, 6 Music and BBC 7 were launched and World Service were made available to domestic listeners. The history of radio broadcasting in the United States followed a similar path. Radio broadcasting in the United States...
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