Research by O’Brien, J (1999) supports that a combination of hardware and software that used to process information automatically is called Management Information System (MIS). Management Information System is the term given to the discipline focused on the integration of computer systems with the aims and objectives on an organisation. Management information systems may provide the information needed to manage organizations with efficiently and effectively. Management Information System may classify to three primary resources which are technology, information, and people. Management Information System is regarded as a subset of the overall internal controls procedures in a business, which cover the application of people, documents, technologies, and procedures used by management accountants to solve business problem such as costing a product, service or a business-wide strategy. Normally, MIS is used to allow individual to access and modify information. It has been said that the purpose of information systems is to get the right information to the right people at the right time in the right amount and in the right format. Because information systems are intended to supply useful information, the information may defined into data, information and knowledge. Refer to Leo Lingham (2006) said that one of the primary goals of information systems is to economically process data into information and knowledge. Data items refer to an elementary description of thing, event, activities, and transactions that are recorded, classified, and stored but not organized to convey any specific meaning. Data items can be numbers, letters, figures, sounds, or image. Information refers to data that have been organized so that they have meaning and value to the recipient. The recipient interprets the meaning and draws conclusions and implications from the information. Knowledge consists of data or information that have been organized and processed to convey understanding, experience,...
References: Leo Lingham (2006). Managing a Business : Management Information System. Retrieved on 25th October 2011, from
O’Brien, J (1999). Management Information Systems: Managing Information Technology in the Internetworked Enterprise. Boston
R. Kelly Rainer Jr. & Casey G. Cegielski . Introduction to Information System : Enabling and Transforming Business (3rd Ed).
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