Introduction to Early Childhood Education

Topics: Childhood, Child, Early childhood education Pages: 6 (2049 words) Published: November 5, 2013
Assessment: Short Essay 1
Identify THREE quality indicators relevant to early childhood education and discuss why they are important for children, parents, and/or society.

The education of early childhood is widely valued in a great variety of human development theories, and in some degree the quality of the early childhood education determines the quality of the child’s future life. In this essay, I will give my views on three quality indicators and relate them to children and Te whariki. A planned curriculum is important for children, and it is one of the sigh of quality early childhood education. The starting point of the curriculum of early childhood education-Te Whariki-is to achieve child’s individual requirements and help him/her to become a competent and confident learner and communicator. (MoE, 1996) A planned program means before the curriculum comes out, educator need to observe the children and discover the particular needs of each child then design a special learning project to mesh with individual child. Partnership with parents and families also a important mark of early childhood education, it provides more comprehensive perspectives about a child, which helps educator to make an Individual Development Plan to enable children with special needs to be actively engaged in learning (MoE, 1996). “Children’s learning and development are fostered if there is a strong connection and consistency among all the aspects of the child’s world.” (MoE, p42, 1996), families and teacher communicate proactively and to work toward the same goal helps to empower the child to develop holistically within mind, body and spirit (MoE, 1996); Working in partnership with parents and families also helps educators to provide additional learning experiences to complement those provide in the home. Trained staff have the knowledge about children’s development and early childhood curriculum, they also could administer the curriculum (MoE, 1996), is an indispensible part of quality early childhood services, children’s development and learning could be well supported surrounded by trained and professional educators.

Assessment: Short Essay 2
Identify TWO early childhood services in your community. Briefly explain their history and then compare and contrast their philosophies, educational goals and the strategies employed to achieve these goals.

In this essay, I will introduce Te Kōhanga Reo and home-based education and care services, compare and contrast their philosophies, educational goals and the strategies employed to achieve these goals. Te Kōhanga Reo are parent-led services, the first thought of Te Kōhanga Reo was begun in 1981, in response to Māori concern of the Mäori language survival, by the Department of Māori Affairs. (Te Kōhanga Reo National Trust. 1999) Te Köhanga Reo are “total immersed” early childhood services in te reo Mäori program, where the language of communication will be Mäori. The operation and running of each Köhanga Reo is the responsibility of the parents and whänau of the Te Köhanga Reo within the guidelines set down by Te Köhanga Reo National Trust Board, and they administer it to ensure the safety and well-being of the children and the whänau and to ensure the survival of te reo Mäori. (“What is a Kōhanga Reo? “,1999) Home-based education and care services are teacher-led services, they involve a teacher providing education and care for small groups of up to four young children either in the home of the teacher’s or in the child’s own home. This may be all-day or part-day education and care. (MoE, 2006) The kaupapa (philosophy) of Te Kōhanga reo highlight “The quality of learning and development of mokopuna (young children) stems from the collective strength of the whānau” (Te Kōhanga Reo National Trust, 1999). The emphasis for all philosophies of the home-based education and care services is to affirm the value of children learning and being cared for in a home setting. (ERO,...
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