April 20, 2015
Introduction to Cross-Cultural Psychology Cross-cultural psychology is the psychological practice that focuses on the study of the cultural effects on human psychology. It requires researchers to draw conclusions by using samples from multiple cultures (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). Human behavior shares similarities in basic terms of listening to others, sharing feelings, and behavioral traits, although the differences of human behavior, vary greatly. People develop individually based on factors such as learning, environmental influences, familial influences, religious beliefs, and societal allegiances (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). Cross-cultural psychologists examine the psychological differences and make comparisons of the underlying causes of these differences. Researchers focus on examining the various links between cultural norms and behaviors by comparing the possible dissimilar social and cultural forces that influence people within various cultures (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). According to Shiraev & Levy (2010), cross-cultural psychology is considered both the critical and comparative study of cultural effects on human psychology. Human behavior is heavily influenced by the various biological factors as well as the personal experiences. Culture is one of the most important factors that influence an individual’s behavior through culture-specific attributes that are shared by people of a culture in a particular geographic region (Shiraev & Levy, 2010).
Overview of the Case Study Pacific Islands Families Study: The Association of Infant Health Risk Indicators and Acculturation of Pacific Island Mothers Living in New Zealand is a case study about Pacific Islands Families, which follows a cohort of 1,398 Pacific infants born in Auckland, New Zealand. This article examines associations between maternal acculturation, measured by an abbreviated version of the General Ethnicity
References: Matsumoto, D., & Juang, L. (2013). Culture and psychology (5th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning. Shiraev, E. B. & Levy, D. A. (2010). Cross-cultural psychology: Critical thinking and contemporary applications (4th ed.). Boston: Pearson/Allyn Bacon. Singelis, T.M. (2000). Some Thoughts on the Future of Cross-Cultural Social Psychology. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 31(1), 76-91. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/002202210031001007