Criteria 1.1 - Compare the difference between counselling & counselling skills Words: 419
Criteria 2.1 - Demonstrate knowledge of BACP ethical framework for good practice in counselling & psychotherapy Words: 344
Criteria 3.1 – Personal moral qualities
Criteria 4.1 – List & describe basic counselling
Non-verbal communication – Words: 170
Minimum encouragers – Words: 77
Reflection – Words: 158
Paraphrase – Words: 332
Summarise – Words: 199
Criteria 6.1 – Identify & describe the reasons why boundaries & confidentiality are important concepts in the use of counselling skills Words: 243
Definition of a Counsellor
Counselling is about to give help rather than advice, advice frequently means telling people what they should or ought to do, and this has no place in counselling. Counsellors look at what is possible, but do not tell clients what they should do. That would be the counsellor taking control rather than the client gaining control. The primary difference between counselling and other forms of helping is the way in which the counsellor listens. A counsellor should always be factual within their notes, you should always take notes after a session while fresh on your mind, taking notes in a session can cause clients to maybe feel worried or nervous on what you’re putting down and also keep you interested and proven to be listening. The difference between advice, guidance and counselling
Advice: Mainly a one-way exchange, giving an opinion, making a judgement, making a recommendation =Persuasive. Guidance: Mainly a one-way exchange, showing the way, educating, influencing, instructing =Encouraging.
Skills of a counsellor
Every person who uses counselling skills is designated a counsellor. We can distinguish two broad groups of people who use counselling skills, people who are called counsellors who engage in counselling as a distinct occupation and others who use counselling skills as part of their other skills. They would be temporarily in the role, for example we go to our doctor for something medical or a psychiatrist for something spiritually wrong these establish a helping relationship. What they offer is not counselling however they use counselling skills, they may also be trained counsellors so the dividing line is not clear cut. The difference is that the person knows when counselling is taking place and has agreed to it. Other skills you pick up on when counselling are:
* Respecting personal space
* keeping legs uncrossed and sitting relaxed
* Being open with body language,
* Bringing your body in to talk is being interested and sitting back shows you’re interested and engaged. * Memory is the key.
* Try not to talk with hands or sit on them.
* Clothing can be casual but formal depending on where you work * Setting a good first impression is important
* Keep facial expressions to a minimum show expression but limit to how much. * Eye contact should be minimal keep eyes moving around the face * Think about distractions before your client arrives
* Keep your client informed on what we’re going to do and not do. * Being agreeable and willing to be there, and most importantly helping your client to get back on track.
Values of counselling and psychotherapy
Values inform principals. They represent the important way of expressing a general ethical commitment that becomes more precisely defined and action-orientated when expressed as a principal.
At all times counsellors must show a commitment to:
Respecting human rights and dignity
Protecting the safety of clients
Insuring the integrity of practitioner/client relationships
Enhancing the quality of professional knowledge and its application Alleviating personal distress and suffering
Fostering a sense of self that is meaningful to the person(s)...
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