Introduction to Community Health Nursing
Instructor Iva Hall
Introduction to Community Health Nursing
Name three historical nursing leaders and explain how their contributions impacted community/public health nursing. I. One of the most famous nurses would have to be Florence Nightingale. She was known for her determination to reform the British Military health system. She developed the “polar-area diagram” to show the needless deaths caused by unsanitary conditions. “Nightingale demonstrated, statistics provided an organized way of learning and lead to improvements in medical and surgical practices” (Riddle, 2014). Because of Florence Nightingale the goal for nursing is to facilitate “the body’s reparative processes” by manipulating client’s environment. The Framework for practice is that the nurse manipulates client’s environment to include appropriate noise, nutrition, hygiene, light comfort, socialization, and hope (Potter & Perry, 2009). II. Clara Barton the founder of the American Red Cross. She began the Red Cross as she carried supplies to the battlefield during the civil war. Not only from one battle field but moved from one to the other. After the civil war she started three new ventures. One was to create a bureau in Annapolis, Maryland to help the families find out what has happened to their sons. The second thing she created was a cemetery at Andersonville, Georgia, for 13,000 Union soldiers, which were identified by hospital records, but about 400 remained unknown. The third thing she created was a series of lecture tours in the North and Mid-West, where she spoke about the war. Her lecture fee was $100 in 1867 which would be about $1500 in our time now. She spoke up to 14 times a month. She never charged charities or veterans. She believed that placing a voice on women was better toward economics than politics. In 1869 trip to Scotland, England, Paris and Geneva that she covered an organization called Red Cross founded in Switzerland in 1866. The United States finally agreed to sign the Treaty of Geneva on March of 1882 and the American Red Cross was born. Thanks to Clara Barton in her persistence to make it happen (Blundell, 2011). III. Mary Eliza Mahoney- she was the first African American registered nurse. She was a co-founder of the National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses, which late became the American Nurses Association. The Mary Mahoney Award is names after her. Mahoney was inducted into both the Nursing Hall of Fame and the National Women's Hall of Fame. (Mary Eliza Mahoney, 2014) Using definitions and examples from the lecture to explain the difference between population, community and aggregate. As nurses when focused on a population, we are focused on the entire health status of that population. The population can be individual focused, community focused or system focused. (Hall, 2014). The main difference in between a community and an aggregated is that the community is made up of different types of a people or different types of aggregates. Example of a community: social groups with common culture, religion and heritage. An aggregate is a community which is a community that is split into different type of groups or categories. Example of aggregates would be diabetics, the disease and condition. (Hall, 2014) The Table 13-5 program – summarize the purpose of the program. The purpose of the program in table 13-5 is to help improve the health of minority groups. Minority groups meaning; blacks, Hispanics, Native Americans, and women. The purpose is to promote participation in health promotion programs, help the minority groups understand disease risk factors, to help develop health related materials to educate patients, and help the minority find the provider who is bilingual when appropriate. This program helps in eliminating health disparities in the minority groups. (Nies, McEwen, 2011). The Table...
References: Blundell, J. (2011). Clara Barton. Ladies for liberty: Women who made a difference in American history (pp. 71-77). New York: Algora Publishing.
CDC. (2011). Core Functions of Public Health and How They Relate to the 10 Essential Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved October 24, 2014, from http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/ehs/EPHLI/core_ess.htm
Hall, I., (2014). Introduction to Community Health Nursing [Power point slides]. Retrieved from https://luonline.blackboard.com/webapps/blackboard/execute/content/file?cmd=view&content_id=_1419992_1&course_id=_72031_1&framesetWrapped=true
Mary Eliza Mahoney. (2014). The Biography.com website. Retrieved 05:27, Oct 23, 2014, from http://www.biography.com/people/mary-mahoney-41021.
Nies, M., McEwen, M. (2011). Community/Public Health Nursing: Promoting the Health of Populations. (5th ed.). Elsevier: Philadelphia, PA
Potter, P., and Perry, A.G., Fundamentals of nursing. 7th ed. St. Louis, Mo.: Mosby Elsevier, 2009. Print.
Riddle, L. (2014, March 5). Biographies of Women Mathematicians. Florence Nightingale. Retrieved October 20, 2014, from http://www.agnesscott.edu/Lriddle/WOMEN/
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