Introduction to Climatology

Topics: Climate, Köppen climate classification, Precipitation Pages: 10 (2751 words) Published: June 19, 2013
LUSAKA-ZAMBIA
Lusaka has subtropical climate with annual temperature average is 20.60C (690F) and month range temperature80C in which has 310C (880F) high in October and 100 C (500 F) low in June and July. Annual rainfall average is 837mm and month average is 70mm in which is high in all month except June, July, August, and September which has no precipitation,En.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lusaka

Table that show annual variation of climate in temperature and rainfall. Month| J| F| M| A| M| J| J| A| S| O| N| D|
Temp| 22| 22| 21| 21| 19| 17| 17| 19| 22| 25| 24| 25| Rainfall| 218| 196| 106| 21| 4| 0| 0| 0| 0| 15| 91| 186|

GRAPH THAT SHOW THE CLIMATIC VARIATION IN LUSAKA-ZAMBIA

LESOTHO-SOUTH AFRICA
This area has Mediterranean and dry summer subtropical climate with annual temperature average is 15.10C (590F) and month range temperature of 130C which has 280 C (820F) high in January and December with -10 C (300 F) low in July. Annual rainfall average is 691mm and month average is 58mm in which is high about 114mm in January and low is about 12mm in June, En.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lesotho.

Table that show annual variation of climate in temperature and rainfall. Month| J| F| M| A| M| J| J| A| S| O| N| D|
Temp| 21| 20| 19| 15| 11| 8| 8| 11| 15| 17| 19| 21| Rainfall| 114| 89| 96| 67| 29| 12| 14| 15| 19| 63| 80| 93|

GRAPH THAT SHOW THE CLIMATIC VARIATION IN LESOTHO-SOUTH AFRICA

H

KIGOMA-TANZANIA
Kigoma has Tropical savannah with cooler uplands stipple in which annual temperature average is 23.50C with low temperature 19.20C and high is 27.8 °C month temperature range of 270C which has 300C high in September and 260C low in December. Annual rainfall average is 995mm and month average is …mm in which is high about 176mm in April and low is about 2mm in July, En.wikipedia.org/wiki/kigoma.

Table that show annual variation of climate in temperature and rainfall. MONTH | Jan| Feb| Mar| Apr| May| June| July| Aug| Sep| Oct| Nov| Dec| | | | | | | | | | | | | |

Average (temp)high in °C| 27| 27| 27| 27| 28| 28| 28| 29| 30| 29| 27| 26| | | | | | | | | | | | | |
Av. precipitation - mm| 132| 127| 133| 176| 57| 5| 2| 3| 21| 60| 134| 145|

GRAPH THAT SHOW THE CLIMATIC VARIATION IN KIGOMA-TANZANIA

HARARE-ZIMBABWE
Harare has Tropical savannah climate with cooler upland stippled in which annual temperature average is 18.60C (660F) with low temperature range 70C(450F) in June and July and high range is 29 °C(840F) in October month temperature range of 200C which has 220C and 210 C high in October, November, December, January and February and 140C low in June and July. Annual rainfall average is 867mm and month average is 72mm in which is high about 213mm in January and low is about 1mm in July, En.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harare.

Table that show annual variation of climate in temperature and rainfall. Month| J| F| M| A| M| J| J| A| S| O| N| D| Temp (0c)| 21| 21| 20| 19| 16| 14| 14| 15.5| 20| 22| 21| 21| Rainfall (mm)| 213| 173| 101| 39| 11| 5| 1| 3| 5| 30| 100| 186|

GRAPH THAT SHOW THE CLIMATIC VARIATION IN HARARE-ZIMBABWE
GRAPH THAT SHOW THE CLIMATIC VARIATION IN LUSAKA-ZAMBIA

GRAPH THAT SHOW THE CLIMATIC VARIATION IN LUSAKA-ZAMBIA

JUBA-SUDAN
Juba has steppe tropical and sub tropical steppe and the average temperature in Juba, Sudan is 27.5 °C (82 °F) with the range of average monthly temperatures is 4.5 °C in which high average temperature is 37 °C (99 °F) in January, February, and March and low average temperature is 20 °C (68 °F) in January, November and December. Juba receives on average 997 mm of precipitation annually and 83 mm each...

References: Nault (1986), the worldbook Atlas
Wallace M.J and peter V
Climate is the average weather usually taken over a 30 years time period for a particular region and time period climate is not same as weather but rather, it is the average pattern o weather for a particular region, Hess, (2011).
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