Introduction to Autism

Topics: Autism, Pervasive developmental disorder, Asperger syndrome Pages: 3 (750 words) Published: August 15, 2013
An Introduction to Autism
By National Institute of Mental Health

Autism. Not until the middle of the twentieth century was there a name for a disorder that now appears to affect an estimated 3.4 every 1,000 children ages 3-10, a disorder that causes disruption in families and unfulfilled lives for many children. Research from 2009 suggests autism now affects every 1 in 110 children. In 1943 Dr. Leo Kanner of the Johns Hopkins Hospital studied a group of 11 children and introduced the label early infantile autism into the English language. At the same time a German scientist, Dr. Hans Asperger, described a milder form of the disorder that became known as Asperger syndrome. Thus these two disorders were described and are today listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) as two of the five pervasive developmental disorders (PDD), more often referred to today as autism spectrum disorders (ASD). All these disorders are characterized by varying degrees of impairment in communication skills, social interactions, and restricted, repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior. Table of Contents

• An Introduction to Autism
• Autism Spectrum Disorders In-Depth
• Conditions Associated with Autism
• How Autism is Diagnosed
• Treatment of Autism
• Medications for Autism
• Adults with Autism
Autism spectrum disorders can often be reliably detected by the age of 3 years, and in some cases as early as 18 months. Studies suggest that many children eventually may be accurately identified by the age of 1 year or even younger. The appearance of any of the warning signs of ASD is reason to have a child evaluated by a professional specializing in these disorders. Parents are usually the first to notice unusual behaviors in their child. In some cases, the baby seemed “different” from birth, unresponsive to people or focusing intently on one item for long periods of time. The first signs of an ASD can also appear...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Introduction Autism Essay
  • Essay on autism
  • Essay on Autism Introduction
  • Autism Essay
  • Autism Essay
  • Autism Essay
  • Autism Introduction Essay
  • autism Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free