Introduction to Angkor Wat

Topics: Angkor Wat, Cambodia, Siem Reap Pages: 2 (535 words) Published: June 20, 2013
Introduction to Angkor Wat
In century 15th-19th, there was 38 empires had reigned their dynasty in Angkor. 11th-13th century, the reign of Angkor reached the peak. Presumably, there was a huge population lived in Angkor at the time. Also, the international trades were in process, especially with the China. The success of Angkor is due to the well-connected water system. Well maintain system had provided the Khmer basely living needed, enable them to live health. But then, as it was very peak, the reign started shake. One of the factors caused the empire crumble is war involvement with their neighbors, Vietnam and Siam. The domestic instability caused this glorious city gradually abandoned to the jungle. After 400 years, the sites were discovered surprisingly and now it was listed as the world heritage site. Angkor Wat

Angkor Wat is the mother of all temples in Angkor. It is located at 6km from Siem Reap in Cambodia, which built with intricate lotus-blossom towers and surrounded by perfectly square moats and reservoirs. It was constructed by king Survayaman II in the beginning of 12th century. ’Angkor’ means city in the Sanskrit word and the ‘Wat’ which means temple in Khmer. A classical architecture, Angkor Wat is the largest religious structure in the world. It was built by a very large number of sandstone and laterite as building materials and took to build 35 years. According to inscriptions, the construction of Angkor Wat involved 300,000 workers and 6000 elephants. The inner walls of the outer gallery bear a series of large-scale scenes, with fascinating carving, depicting Hindu epics, stories and lifestyle of inhabitants and also historical war of empires. These exquisite apsaras (nymphs) were damaged during Indian efforts to clean the temples with chemicals during the 1980s. The Khmer empire's strength was based on a well-developed system of irrigated rice cultivation. The irrigation system provides the economic infrastructure for the...
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