Introduction of Oil Industries in India

Topics: Petroleum, Peak oil, Hydrocarbon Pages: 3 (799 words) Published: May 15, 2011
An Introduction to Oil Industry in India
After the Indian Independence, the Oil Industry in India was a very small one in size and Oil was produced mainly from Assam and the total amount of Oil production was not more than 250,000 tonnes per year . |

This small amount of production made the oil experts from different countries predict the future of the oil industry as a dull one and also doubted India's ability to search for new oil reserves. But the Government of India declared the Oil industry in India as the core sector industry under the Industrial Policy Resolution bill in the year 1954, which has helped the oil industry in india vastly. Oil exploration and production in India is done by companies like NOC or National Oil Corporation, ONGC or Oil and Natural Gas Corporation and OIL who are actually the oil companies in India that are owned by the government under the Industrial Policy Rule. The National Oil Corporation during the 1970s used to produce and supply more than 70 percent of the domestic need for the petroleum but by the end of this amount dropped to near about 35 percent. This was because the demand on the one hand was increasing at a good rate and the production was declining at a steady rate. Oil Industry in India during the year 2004-2005 fulfilled most of demand through importing oil from multiple oil producing countries. The Oil Industry in India itself produced nearly 35 million metric tons of Oil from the year 2001 to 2005. The Import that is done by the oil industry in india comes mostly from the middle east asia. Over the years India Petroleum Industry has played an influential part in triggering the speedy expansion of the country's economy by contributing 15% in the total GDP. Further to this, petroleum exports gave new dimension to foreign exchange earnings by drawing US$ 23.64 billion in the FY 2008-09 The Oil that is produced by the Oil Industry in India provides more than 35 percent of the energy that is primarily consumed by...
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