Topics: Agriculture, Cultivation, Fruit Pages: 7 (559 words) Published: July 7, 2014
India Vs China in Agriculture sector

Agriculture Indian Economy:
Agriculture is the back bone of Indian Economy.Though agricultural activities employ 52% of the total work force yet it contributes only 17.5% to the total GDP. Mostly, agriculture is carried out using traditional methods and farmers are dependent on heavily on monsoons. Green revolution and white revolution has given a boost to this sector but it is yet embrace technology on a large scale.

Indian Economy VS Agriculture:
Agriculture sector in India lacks innovation and investment. It still uses the traditional methods of farming giving less produce per hectare of cultivated land as compared to global standards. The total area under farming is also reduced due to growing industrialization and urbanization. India has to strike a balance between industrial growth and agricultural growth.

The total arable territory in India is 1,269,219 km2, which represents about 56.78% of the overall land zone of the country. Arable land in India is diminishing because of continuous strain from an ever-increasing number of inhabitants and growing urbanization.

The overall water surface area of the country is 31440 km2 and the country experiences a mean yearly precipitation of 1,100 mm. Irrigation represents 92% of the consumption of water and in 1974, it was 380 km2. By 2025, the capacity will probably increase to 1,050 km2, with the equilibrium justifying both household and industrial usage.

India holds the second position in production of wheat, rice, cotton, sugarcane, and groundnuts. It is also the second biggest harvester of vegetables and fruit, representing 8.6% and 10.9% of the overall vegetable and fruit production in the world correspondingly.

Development of International trade: Agriculture export are 10 % of total exports. India ‘s agro exports during 2013-14 touched US$ 45 billion as against US$ billion in 2011-12

India’s position in world Agriculture

Rank Total Area Seventh Irrigated Area First Population Second Economically Active population Second

Total Cereals Third Wheat Second Rice Second Coarse grains Fourth Total Pulses First Oil Seeds Second Fruits and Vegetables Second Implements (Tractors) Third Milk First Live Stock (castles, Buffaloes) First

Agriculture is a vital industry in China, employing over 300 million farmers. China ranks first in worldwide farm output, primarily producing rice, wheat, potatoes, sorghum, peanuts, tea, millet, barley, cotton, oilseed, pork, and fish. Although accounting for only 10 percent of arable land worldwide, it produces food for 20 percent of the world's population China is one of the world's largest producers and consumers of agricultural products. Today Agriculture contributes for around 10% of China's GDP. In the nineties we assist to a crises in the rural world.

The profitability of the grain cultivation decrease because the prices, state-controlled, increase less than the production costs. Many farmers leave the grain cultivation for other activity and between 1979 and 2000 the sowned surface decrease of 12%. To finance the social service and the infrastructure the government multiply the...
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