Intro to Humanities

Topics: Parthenon, Baroque, Baroque music Pages: 5 (1723 words) Published: August 24, 2013
GED120 Intro to Humanities
Unit 1 writing assignment

Question #1: Define classical humanism and illustrate by discussing the construction and decoration of the buildings of the Athenian acropolis. In your answer, refer specifically to the classical orders and the Parthenon’s sculptural decoration.  Humanism is a way of life that revolves around the interests of people. It stresses human worth and building up self-realization. Humanism was developed in Greece and Rome, and is generally due to philosophy and current literary works during 1400-1650. It is termed "Classical Humanism" because it was born during that time period. Classical Humanism had an impact during the Renaissance Era. An example of classical humanism is reflected through the Athens Acropolis. This is the trademark monument of Athens and of Greece. Surrounded by the new Athens, the Parthenon still stands proudly over it, a reminder of the old aura of the city. The Acropolis and its Parthenon are the ultimate achievement of the city's classical architecture and symbol of greatness. Parthenon is a building which was burnt by Persians when it was under construction. It is basically a construction of a Greek temple dedicated to Greek goddess Athena Pallas or Parthenos (virgin). The Parthenon is a temple of the Doric order with eight columns at the façade, and seventeen columns at the flanks, conforming to the established ratio of 9:4. This ratio governed the vertical and horizontal proportions of the temple as well as many other relationships of the building like the spacing between the columns and their height. The most amazing fact about this perfect achievement is that its columns are made in a zigzag as to give the impression that its foundations are straight. The combination of Doric metopes and the Ionic frieze on the walls are considered unique masterpieces. On the east side, the metopes depict the fight of the Gods against the Giants, and on the east side, the Lapith battle against the Centaurs. The south side shows the triumph of the Greeks against the Amazons and the north the victory of the Athenian on the Trojans. The frieze that covers the sides of the temple depicts the most important religious festival in Ancient Greece, the Panathenaea. The designs include the figure of Gods, animals, and more than 360 humans. The temple’s two pediments show the birth of Athena and the fight between her and Poseidon for the name of the city.Elgin The Athens acropolis, Pantheon, was built during the classical period and dedicated to some aspect of the god Athena. The architecture and decoration was mirrored to reflect interests of the people of Greece and symbolism of greatness. Reference -:

www.witcombe.sbc.edu/sacredplaces/acropolis.html
www.goddess-athena.org/Museum/Temples/Parthenon/
www.ancient-greece.org/architecture/parthenon.html

GED120 Intro to Humanities
Unit 2 writing assignment

Question #1: Discuss the role of Christian monasticism in sustaining European civilization during the early Middle Ages. Refer to specifically to monasticisms contributions to the arts, learning, and education from the age of Charlemagne to Peter Abelard.

Christian monasticism is a calling that very early believers pursued. All of the early believers had three essential vows: poverty, chastity, and obedience. They all believed that they are dedicating ones life to prayer and devotion to the sprit. Giving up on materials possessions provided a way to dedicating ones life to shadowing Christ’s apostles was the road to salvation. The first European area to adopt monasticism was Ireland and later spread to France. It spread of monasticism lead to great influences in the areas artistic expression, learning, and education. The early expression of monastic influence in architecture was seen in the building of the great Abbey of Carolingian Age which is known as the plan of St. Gall. It was centered by the theme of a great church. The church was always...

References: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modernity
Adventures in the Human Spirit, Philip E Bishop
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