Preview

Into The Influence Of Childhood Experiences On Adult Relationships Essay

Good Essays
Open Document
Open Document
455 Words
Grammar
Grammar
Plagiarism
Plagiarism
Writing
Writing
Score
Score
Into The Influence Of Childhood Experiences On Adult Relationships Essay
Examine the influence of childhood experiences on adult relationships:

Adult relationships are influenced by our internal working model as proposed by Bowlby. Our internal working model is developed throughout our life and contains information about an individuals development and functioning. In terms of the internal working model in childhood, it is based on early experiences with the mother or primary care giver (monotropy – one special attachment figure). Therefore, our internal working model influences our expectations about our adult romantic and peer relationships and also about how available and reliable the other person is likely to be.

A love quiz study by Hazen and Shaver provided evidence of the attachment styles in childhood
…show more content…
However, many studies to do with attachment style including Hazen and Shaver’s love quiz are retrospective. The participants were asked to recall their attachment and relationship with their mother form when they were a child. Therefore, the participants’ answers may have been distorted or incorrectly recalled due to poor memory. This inaccurate information may lead to the results also being inconclusive therefore affecting both the validity and reliability of these studies. So it may be imprecise to say that attachment styles in childhood always influences our attitude to romantic adult relationships.

Furthermore, this theory is deterministic as our internal working model is suggested to determine our attitudes and behaviour towards romantic relationships. Therefore, this suggests that once an individuals internal working model and attachment style is developed in childhood, the influence in adulthood cannot be changed. Thus, other factors such as cultural, social (peer influence) and social desirability factors are not taken into account but these are important factors as they can also easily influence adult

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Attachment behaviour in adults towards a child includes responding sensitively and appropriately to the child’s needs. Such behaviour appears universal across cultures. Attachment theory provides an explanation of how the parent-child relationship emerges and influences subsequent development.…

    • 1428 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Review the First Attachment exercise on pp. 22 and 23. Write a 700- to 1,050-word response explaining how you believe an individual’s attachment style can affect the types of love relationships he or she has.…

    • 145 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Discuss the influence of childhood experiences on adult relationships (9+16 marks) Bowlby in 1969 proposed the internal working model which suggested that early childhood experiences would determine the adult relationships that child would have in the future. Infants primary attachment style is carried through into adult life so would expect the same expectations in later relationships. Shaver et al suggested three behavioural systems that are acquired in infancy which are attachment which is related to Bowlbys research, care giving where infants learn to care for each other through modelling the behaviour of the primary attachment figure and sexuality systems which is learnt in relation to early attachment so an individual with avoidant attachment will be more likely to hold the view that sex without love is pleasurable. In some extreme cases a child’s internal working model leads them to develop an attachment disorder which means they would resist or reject the mutual intimacy of loving family relationships. Often these disorders occur due to abuse and neglect during infancy which has led to them not developing a close relationship with someone who can comfort and reassure them. Springer et al. in 2007 found that individuals who experience physical abuse have negative effects on adult…

    • 608 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Bretherton, I., & Munholland, K.A. (1999). Internal working models revisited. In J. Cassidy & P.R. Shaver (Eds.), Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, and clinical applications (pp. 89–111). New York: Guilford Press.…

    • 1586 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    • Review the First Attachment exercise on pp. 22–23 of the textbook. • Write a 700- to 1,050-word response explaining how you believe an individual’s attachment style can affect the types of love relationships he or she has.…

    • 1368 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Theories of Attachments

    • 877 Words
    • 4 Pages

    4) Social learning theory Studying attachments and their loss can help us understand how early relationship experiences can affect later development…

    • 877 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Based on these observations, Ainsworth concluded that there were three major styles of attachment: secure attachment, ambivalent-insecure attachment, and avoidant-insecure attachment. Researchers Main and Solomon (1986) added a fourth attachment style known as disorganized-insecure attachment. Numerous studies have supported Ainsworth's conclusions and additional research has revealed that these early attachment styles can help predict behaviours later in life.…

    • 895 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Bowlby Attachment Theory

    • 493 Words
    • 2 Pages

    In the 1980s, Cindy Hazan and Phillip Shaver were able to garner a lot of attention, then, when they turned attachment theory on adult relationships. In their studies, they looked at a number of couples, examining the nature of the attachments between them, and then observed how those couples reacted to various stressors and stimuli. In the case of adults, it would seem that a strong attachment is still quite important. For example, in cases where the adults had a weak attachment, there were feelings of inadequacy on the part of both parties. When attachments were too strong, there were issues with co-dependency. The relationships functioned best when both parties managed to balance intimacy with independence. Much as is the case with developing children, the ideal situation seemed to be an attachment that functioned as a secure base from which to reach out and gain experience in the world.…

    • 493 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    According to the attachment theory, young children develop an 'internal working model' from their first relationship with their primary carer. This is then the basis on which they consider what is acceptable in future relationships and whether they are able to trust or rely other individuals (based on preconceptions from previous relationships). Young children also develop characteristic attachment styles in their early relationships which influence later relationships by providing the child with beliefs about themselves, other people and relationships in general.…

    • 821 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Outline and evaluate the influence of childhood experiences on adult relationships Adult relationships are not just influenced by biological or inherited factors. Upbringing, socialisation and childhood also play an important part in later adult relationships. Attachment is the emotional tie between two people that is shown in their behaviours. Attachment theory, put forward by Bowlby, argues that childhood relationships are prototypes for ones adult relationships. There is some evidence for this claim, but it is not wholly supported.…

    • 1335 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Hazan, C. and Shaver, P. (1987) Romantic love conceptualised as an attachment process, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52(3), p.511-524.…

    • 2710 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Q. Outline the influence of childhood and/or adolescents experiences on later adults relationships (8+16) Individuals differ in their relationships; psychologists have researched whether adult relationships are related to early experiences in life. Bowlby believes that the type of relationship the individual has with their primary caregiver gives a basis of a future relationship. This is called the internal working model. The fear of strangers represents an important survival mechanism, which is by nature, babies display social releasers which helps them ensure contact or proximity with the primary caregiver, as they similarly will with their partner in their adult relationship. Another example of the internal working model is the continuity hypothesis, which is a key theory to explaining childhood or adolescent experiences on later adult relationships, where it states that childhood relationships will affect your future relationships, Mary Ainsworth explores this by looking at our relationships as infants as concluded three types: Secure, insecure-avoidant, insecure-resistant. Secure is where the infant is in a calm state even without the presence of the primary caregiver, secure avoidant is where shows little distress, avoids contact with caregiver when returns, and insecure-resistant is when child shows a lot of distress, anxious and nervous. This demonstrates the relationship that the child has with the primary caregiver when they are present and not present. This gives the child a set of beliefs about themselves and the nature of the relationship with others, the continuity thesis see’s this as a predictive behaviour of future relationships.…

    • 757 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    All of us have been in love at least once in our lives. But have you ever wondered why people behave in a certain way in a relationship? Think about the people around you. Do you have a particular friend whom is always in and out of a relationship? Was it the other party’s fault for the break up? Or was it your friend’s problem? The foundation of a relationship depends on one’s attachment style. Attachment refers to the particular way you relate to others, and style of attachment is the way we perceive and respond to intimacy in romantic relationships. Our attachment styles affect our partner selection, interaction, and relationship progress; as it determines if it evolves into a short-term or long-term relationship. Relationship attachment…

    • 142 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    According to Bowlby’s Attachment Theory, attachment is described as psychological connection to meaningful people with causes of pleasure while interacting with soothingness in times of stress, or joy in times of happiness. Children especially from 0-9 years need this quality of attachment such as secure attachment, as it is very crucial for them in their development years towards adolescence. Children’s attachment to their parents and love ones’ results to positivity to basic tasks and psychological…

    • 76 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Hazan & Shaver further support this theory as they found a strikingly high correlation between the infant attachment types and the adult romantic love styles in their study to find a correlation between the infant’s attachment type and their future approach to romantic relationships. This was however a retrospective study and therefore may not be wholly valid or reliable.…

    • 281 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays