Intimate Partner Homicide
Intimate partner homicide is a major, however avoidable public health setback that affects millions of women in spite of age, economic status, race, religion, ethnicity, sexual orientation, or educational background. Individuals who are subjected to intimate partner homicide may have lifelong penalty, including emotional trauma, lasting physical impairment, chronic health problems, and even death. Even though women of all ages may experience intimate partner homicide, it is most widespread among women of reproductive age and contributes to gynecologic disorders, pregnancy complications, unintended pregnancy, and sexually transmitted infections, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Intimate partner homicide is a pattern of assaultive behavior and coercive behavior that may include physical or mental injury, sexual assault, progressive isolation, stalking, deprivation, intimidation, and reproductive coercion. These types of behavior are perpetrated by someone who is, was or desires to be occupied in an intimate or dating relationship with an adult or juvenile, and is intended at establishing having power over of one partner over the other despite of age, economic status, race, religion, ethnicity, sexual orientation, or educational background.
Intimate partner homicide also known as intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious, preventable public health issue that affects millions of Americans. IPV can be described by physical, sexual, or psychological harm by a current or former partner or spouse (www.cdc.gov). This is a cycle of behavior which involves the abuse by one partner in opposition to another in an intimate relationship such as marriage, dating or even within the family. Intimate partner homicide can take on many different forms, including physical aggression or assault which results in hitting, kicking, biting, shoving, restraining, slapping, throwing objects, or threats thereof sexual abuse, emotional abuse, controlling, intimidation, stalking, and economic deprivation. Alcohol consumption and mental illness can coincide with intimate partner homicide while presenting added challenges in taking away domestic violence. Awareness, perception, definition and documentation of intimate partner homicide differ widely from country to country. Domestic intimate partner homicide is likewise an endangerment, criminal coercion, kidnapping, unlawful imprisonment, trespassing, harassment, and stalking.
There are different types of intimate partner violence (IPV). Three of the most common types are physical violence, sexual violence and threats of physical or sexual violence. Physical violence is when force is actually used that can cause physical harm, injury, disability, or even death. The physical harm used consist of kicking, shaking, hitting, slapping, choking, cutting, burning, restraints, weapons, and etc.. Sexual violence has three categories with number one being the use of physical force to compel a person to engage in sexual act unwillingly, whether or not the act is completed. Second would be an attempted or completed sexual act involving a person who, because of illness, disability, or the influence of alcohol or other drugs, or because of intimidation or pressure, is unable to understand the nature or condition of the act, decline participation, or communicate unwillingness to engage in the act and the last category would consist of abusive sexual contact. Threats of physical or sexual violence would be more on the level of stalking. Stalking normally refers to harassing or threatening behavior that an individual engages in repetitively activity such as distributing the victim unwanted presents, following or lying in wait for the victim, damaging or threatening to damage the victim's property, appearing at a victim's home or place of business, defaming the victim's character or...
References: Retrieved from www.NYTimes.com
Retrieved from www.cdc.gov
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