Aspects of Development Rules, what rules? According to (Slavin, 2012), “Society could not function without rules that tell people how to communicate with one another, how to avoid hurting others and how to get along in life generally.” In this paper you will not only learn how these children knew these rules but you will learn about the development of four children. You will learn how they develop cognitively, emotionally, socially, morally and spiritually.
Sensorimotor Stage According to Bailey, a two year old in daycare, her favorite memory was going to eat at a restaurant. This answer fits right in with Piaget’s sensorimotor stage of cognitive development. Bailey shows that she can not quite remember a certain event but in fact, that was where she was going that night. She simply told me the last thing that she remembers and that was in her short term memory. When asked what she was afraid of , she responded with something that she could actually see that frightened her. She was afraid of lightning, which is something visual that she sees as a threat to her. Emotionally she has a fear of an actual object. Socially she told me the kids in her class were mean because they hit. Bailey has ben involved in peer play and ona day that she was hit by another kid, she reflected on that one day and that one incident to describe her entire class. According to Piaget “ As people develop their cognitive abilities, their understanding of moral problems also become more sophisticated (Slavin, 2012, p. 57). This explains why Bailey responded to the question, “What is cheating? by saying “when you take toys away.” This stage of moral development is what Erikson describes as the psychological emphasis to hold on and to let go. Spiritually, Bailey believes God is sweet. She is simply repeating what she has heard other children her age say and how they perceive God (See Appendix A).
References: Slavin, R. E. (2012). Educational Psychology: Theory and Practice. 10th ed. Pearson Education, Inc.