INTERPOL: KEY FACTORS OF SUCCESS
Today we are witnessing the creation of a new society, in which nation-states develop new long-lasting connections between each other. Political, economic and social interactions between the states call for development of International Organizations (IO) that can regulate and contribute to the international system. With the creation of IOs, another issue arose – how can IOs function in the world still accustomed to sovereignty of states, will they have a mostly positive effect on the global community and what makes an IO efficient. This research will primarily focus on efficacy of IOs, using INTERPOL as the subject of its study in order to demonstrate what factors make an IO efficient and under what conditions. PURPOSE STATEMET
The purpose of this qualitative study is to identify a relation between the INTERPOL’s mission and the conditions that promote or impede achieving INTERPOL’s objectives. This study will contribute to a general understanding of what can make an IO efficient and under what circumstances IOs functions can be curtailed by a nation-state’s government. HYPOTHESIS
International Organizations play an effective role in the international system if the scope of cooperation is limited to issues to where mutual interest is obvious, where cooperation does not distract from the pre-existing initiatives already being undertaken within the states, but instead enhances those efforts. INTERPOL has proven to be an efficient organization because its mission of fighting crime in majority of cases goes along with already existing interests of states’ governments. RESEARCH QUESTION
The proposed research will be guided by the following questions: 1. What determines whether or not an IO is efficient?
2. What is the definition of INTERPOL’s efficacy?
3. What factors contribute to INTERPOL’s success?
4. Under what circumstances INTERPOL is unable to carry out its mission? 5. What makes IOs efficient instruments in building the future global society? REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE
“Policing World Society: Historical Foundations of International Police Cooperation” by Mathieu Deflem of Oxford University. Mathieu Deflem focused his research on uncovering factors that make international police an effective tool in fighting crime. His study is based on an array of historical data on international cooperation. He points out that existence of common interests between international law enforcement and sovereign states remains one of the most contributing variables to ensuring international cooperation. In his words, “the greater the extent to which international police institutions can rely on a common organizational interest in the fight against international crime, the greater is the chance that those institutions will participate in international police cooperation” (Deflem 2002, 22). In 1998, Mike Muth in his article “Interpol: Your Best Resource for International Investigation” discussed similar issues of international police functions related to the states’ sovereignty. His analysis demonstrated that the key to Interpol’s efficiency lies in its adherence to neutrality. According to Muth, Interpol avoids interfering in local political or military activities, and in return, local governments allow Interpol to fulfill its mission of fighting global crime. John Imhoff and Stephen Cutler included a study on why certain countries cooperate with Interpol in their article “Interpol: Helping Police Around the World.” Imhoff and Cutler emphasize the importance of international law enforcement system in the world of high technology. According to their study, global crime has no political borders and state law enforcement agencies are often powerless in their efforts to ensure security when criminals cannot be contained within their borders. This article contributes to a larger issue of the role and the effect IOs should have in the XXI century. Along...
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Muth, Mike, “Interpol: Your Best Resource for International Investigation,” WomenPolice 1998.
Rohn, Edward J., “Policing the Web: Interpol,” Policing 24.2 (2001), 270-272
Waddell, Ian G., “International Narcotics Control,” The American Journal of International Law. 64 (1970), 310-323.
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