Running head: INTERPERSONAL DECEPTION THEORY
Interpersonal deception theory: Detecting deception within friendships
When dealing with deception, there are millions of reasons people to choose to lie, and depending on the approaches they take, some people can consistently prevent themselves from being caught. So how many times are we deceived without even noticing? In the study of interpersonal communication, the matter of deception finds people in situations where they speak in a dishonest matter to prevent harm or cause offense to someone else. Interpersonal deception theory examines the important elements of interpersonal communication and deception that occurs within interpersonal relationships. This theory is studied among two or more people at a certain time in any given context. All research conducted has included both males and females, and usually is done within friendships or among acquaintances. It is important to know what researchers have already discovered about the theory because it is not only interesting, but could be vital to certain people’s lives.
When it comes to deception, there are several different reactions people can have to a good friend deceiving them, but what approach is the most effective to maintaining harmony within the friendship? According to research, it is important to realize and confront someone when they may be deceiving you because trust is imperative to maintain a quality friendship. Deception is an element of relationships that happens due to not wanting to hurt the other person’s feelings, but in the long run learning how to detect deception is an element of developing a stronger relationship with a friend, romantic partner, boss, teachers, or an acquaintance.
When caught in a situation where someone feels the need to deceive usually there are three ways that someone responds. The first way that people choose to deceive others is through lying. Lying is when the deceiver says something that is completely untrue to what is actually took place. Telling only part of the truth and omitting the rest is the second approach. When taking this approach, the deceiver tells part of the truth, usually the aspects that are irrelevant, and then leaves out the more specific important details. The third approach is when the deceiver chooses to be completely ambiguous about what took place.
Throughout this paper it will first be discussed how people can judge deceit. Secondly it will discuss about deception detection. Last it will show how deception is perceived through truth cues. So what causes the judgment of deceit? What strategies can we use to detect deception? Are there cues involved with helping someone detect deception? Through research, these questions have been answered. Judging deceit
In the interpersonal deception theory there are three strategies in how verbal deceit is studied. These three strategies are falsification, concealment, equivocation. Falsification occurs when creating a fiction such as deliberately acting on misrepresentation. Concealment occurs when someone is trying to hide a secret. Lastly equivocation occurs when someone is trying to dodge the issue.
In recent research the concept of judging deceit has been studied in a matter of ways. One of the ways focuses on the influences that are involved by the deceived. These influences are as such: suspicion, deception type, question type, relational familiarity and expertise on accuracy in detecting truth and deceit (Buller & Burgoon, 1994).
Research has shown that when deception occurs in a conversation the people involved should not be able to detect deception as well as observers of the conversation. This is because of the different levels of interactivity that people involved in a conversation would have from the people observing it. Those involved in a conversation are busier cognitively and behaviorally than those observing. Studies conducted are designed to...
References: Buller, D. B., & Burgoon, J. K. (1994). Interpersonal deception: V. accuracy in deception detection. Communication Monographs, 61, 303-325.
Burgoon, J. K., Dunbar, N.E., & Ramirez, J., Artemio. (2003). The effects of participation on the ability to judge deceit. Communication Reports, 16, 23-33.
Dudley, D. C. (1985). Telling it exactly like it is: An experimental study of oral truth cues. Communication Research Reports, 2, 86-89.
Lippard, V. P. (1988). “Ask me no questions, I’ll tell you no lies”: Situational exigencies for interpersonal deception. Western Journal of Speech Communication, 52, 91-103.
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