Interpersonal Communication in Meeting Human Needs
Communication refers to the transfer of information from an individual to another, or from one group of persons to another. Communication is a wide area that has been studied over the years. This continuous study has led to development of sub-categories communication to do away with the voluminous study into the entire communication as a unit. Communication is essential for information delivery and for sustenance of human lives. In general communication comprises of basic components such as information sender, recipient, the message itself, the media of communication, feedback, and noise that exists in between the communication. All these are integrated into a single unit and makes up what is called communication.
Communication is more effective when it involves the movement of information from one person to another, or between specific groups of people. At this point, interpersonal communication comes into value. Communication, as it is in general, has major limitations that have been eliminated by interpersonal communication. It is significant to note that “interpersonal communication is central to our daily lives” (Wood, 2013).interpersonal communication refers to the transfer of information to a specific target person or group of persons. It may therefore take many dimensions; between individuals and individuals, individuals and groups, or between groups and groups. The major point that distinguishes it from general communication is that there is a message that is intended to be transferred or shared between a known target people. The numbers are not related in any way to the effectiveness of the communication. Relevance of Interpersonal Communication to our daily lives and needs
More often than not, we are faced with the need to satisfy our needs and wants. These needs vary in different ways according to the situations in which they are. Proper interpersonal communication is vital towards the achievement of these needs and wants. The needs come in different forms and levels. To understand into details how interpersonal communication is important in meeting the daily human needs, it is important to categorize the various needs into distinct classes. Abraham Maslow (1968) designed a theory that held that in our daily communication, we do so to satisfy different objectives, and more specifically, to meet our daily needs. According to his theory, these needs could be classified into specific classes as illustrated below. Physical Needs- Abraham Maslow ranked this as the least in the hierarchy of human needs. He held that effective interpersonal communication is essential in the satisfaction of these needs. They are the most basic needs that are important in the sustenance of life. Without these needs, lives would not be sustained since in a bid to do away with them, survival becomes difficult, and the end result may be as serious as death.
An example in this category is food. In real life situation, we see babies crying when they are hungry. The cry is a form of direct and interpersonal communication with the care taker assigned or in charge of taking care of the child’s needs. Why do they simply go silent after the food has been given to them? It is merely because their needs have been met to their satisfaction. Having communicated to its mother through the cry, the child is in a position to have its needs satisfied by the parent. The communication is cyclical, since after being fed, there are all chances that the child will get hungry all over again. In a classroom situation, especially those lectures that are adjacent to lunch breaks, the lecturer would observe some of the students yawning suggestively in trying to communicate that they are hungry and would really like to break for lunch. The feedback that is provided determines whether the needs will be met.
Safety Needs- In his rank of needs, the safety needs are the next in...
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Hartley, P. (2001). Interpersonal communication. London [u.a.: Routledge.
Motivational theories including: Maslow 's hierarchy of needs, cognitive dissonance, Clayton Alderfer, need for achievement, Frederick Winslow Taylor, Psychological hedonism, need for power, expectancy theory, need, two-factor theory, Holland codes. (2011). United States: Hephaestus Books.
Wood, J. T. (2013). Interpersonal communication: Everyday encounters. Boston, MA: Wadsworth.
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