Interpersonal communication is a circular process whereby one individual acts as a stimulus for a person’s message, which then serves as a stimulus for another person’s message, and the cycle continues (DeVito, 2008). Within the circular nature of communication, individuals send messages simultaneously, involving at least two persons (DeVito, 2008). Each individual has the ability to perform source and receiver functions (DeVito, 2008). A source function is when the individual forms and sends the message and the receiver function is when the individual perceives and comprehends the message (DeVito, 2008). The messages are then encoded and decoded. Encoding refers to the arrangement of communicative signs within the brain which transforms into the external expression, through speech or written forms, for example one might smile to
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