Interperson Communication Skills

Topics: Alfred Adler, Psychotherapy, Gestalt therapy Pages: 11 (3672 words) Published: October 9, 2014

Table of Contents

Table of Contents................................................................................................................2

Introduction..........................................................................................................................3

Adlerian Psychology..............................................................................................................4

Person-Centred Therapy.......................................................................................................6

Gestalt Therapy.....................................................................................................................8

Conclusion............................................................................................................................11 Reference List......................................................................................................................12

Psychology is the tried, tested, scholastic and applied discipline encapsulating the scientific and cognitive study of mental processes and behaviour. It involves the application of this knowledge to various categories of human behaviour and activity including the treatment of mental illness (Coon, 2012). Over the years many different forms and methods of psychology have been developed as the study of psychology can be dated back to the ancient Greeks, but was always regarded as a philosophical reasoning rather than a science. It was only around the 1870`s that it became recognised as an actual practice (Benjamin, 2006). This assignment will deal with some of the most influential of these psychological practices which have developed and evolved since the inception psychology all those years ago. This will be achieved in the way of Adlerian, Gestalt and Person-centred therapies as examples. This will involve focused commentary on their historical background and key concepts with mention given to the therapeutic goals of each of the respective theories.

“Psychology has a long past, but only a short history.” (Boring, 1929, p.9)

Adlerian Psychology

Adlerian psychology is the psychological method founded by Alfred Adler which was formulated around the idea of “individual psychology”. Individual Psychology is a humanistic approach and is a modification of Freud`s psychoanalysis which encapsulates a body of ideas and approaches more focused on our actual motivations, as an indivisible whole, in our behaviour towards a life goal. These goals come in divisions of short term and long term with all the stops in-between being equally as necessary. Adler also believed that it was these motivations towards these goals that indeed affected our behaviour today in our everyday lives. It was Adler`s insistence that people were motivated by social influences (as nothing materializes in isolation) and that one was, to a large extent, responsible for who they are and couldn’t blame others for the predicaments and short comings they may be experiencing in their current existence (Adler, 1964). Adlerian psychology believes that a person forms a methodology to life within the first 6 years of living and the therapy places great focus on feelings of inferiority. However these feelings of inferiority are not viewed as symbols of deficiency or fragility, but rather a driving source of creativity (Corey, 2009). Adlerian Psychology calls these feelings of inferiority “the inferiority complex” (which is defined as an intense feeling of inadequacy often culminating in shyness or general evasive behaviour) and the therapy is often associated with “the superiority complex” (defined as the overblown or distorted feeling of superiority to others), albeit Adlerian psychology renders the latter as more of a defence mechanism for those who truly do feel...
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