Interparte Richard Layard Statement-That Happiness Comes from Outside and Within.

Topics: Happiness, Locus of control, Optimism Pages: 5 (1414 words) Published: January 4, 2011
ECA TASK 1

Richard Layard stated that happiness comes from outside and within, explain this statement, drawing on appropriate evidence from chapters 3 and 5 of the course book.

In this assignment I will be explaining the above statements. There are

many factors which contribute to our overall happiness . Optimistic

Thinking, focusing on our strengths and blessings gives us contentment

From within. Our roles in life our work our friends , social groups all

Contribute to our happiness from the outside. There are also biological

factors to take in to account, as our genetic makeup is different, some

People may have genes which produce more serotonin than others, but

regardless of all these factors we can all take steps to improve our

happiness. Eating fresh foods and simple carbohydrates boost serotonin

Levels, doing exercise, meditating, showing gratitude and making contact

with good friends. I will continue to show you research and experiments carried out by physiologist, in the factors that increase our happiness.

“There is nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so” (Shakespeare 2005 cited in Spoors .et. al. 2007).This quote from Shakespeare suggest our thinking makes something to be good or bad. Research has found optimists are generally healthier, recover faster from surgery and are likely to live longer . A study carried out by Maruto and colleges (2002 cited in Spoors. et . al 2007 ) in Minnesota, selected 839 patients that had referred themselves into the Mayo clinic, 40 years previously and submitted themselves to many test including pessimistic thinking .Results showed 200 patients died by the year 2000. The optimists had 19% greater longevity than the pessimists. Seligman (2005 cited in Spoors. et. al. 2007) generally known as the one who initiated positive psychology, tasked 577 people to write about a time when they were at their best and reflect on the strengths noted once a day for a week and to note 3 things that went well each day , and to write the reason why they went well. Seligman’s research found that the participant’s happiness levels rose significantly and stayed so for 6 months and longer. So we can make our happiness last longer by reflecting on our strengths and thinking positively all have a major impact on our happiness from within.

If we believe that we can change our situation and that we have control of our life choices, we are likely to be happier and be able to take action when we are in an unhappy situation. This is referred to as our internal locus of control. If our locus of control is external then we would believe that we have no power and control over our life and would be unable to take action when in an unhappy situation as we would believe our actions wouldn’t be able to make a difference. Research carried out on residents of a nursing home where one group was given multiple choices and freedom to their lifestyle and one group had all decisions made for them. Positive effects were obvious in the first group, this group had a lower mortality rate then the second group . (Researched by Langer Rodin 1976 cited in Spoors. et. al 2007) So again here you can see how it’s our thinking that controls our happiness so effectively.

Our roles in life have a major effect on our happiness from the outside, for example, if your role at home is one of a mother, you re...

References: Spoors .Dyer. E. W. and Finlay, L. (2007) Starting With Psychology, Milton
Keynes, the Open University.
Task 2
1. Past; Give at least one example of a way in which your learning skills have improved during this course.
I think my patience has improved as I have been able to slow down and focus on my studies by doing all the set exercises. I have been able to curb my strong urge to rush things and finish quickly, and that took time. My writing technique and essay structure planning has improved. I have also improved in referencing as I was totally new to this.
2. Present; Give at least one example of a strength and at least one example of a weakness in your learning skills.
I believe my strength would be my perseverance in trying and retrying to understand something and getting it down on paper, it really doesn’t come easily I generally understand things, but explaining and getting it all down on paper has been really difficult. I have a few weaknesses, main one being my concentration it’s always wondering off to all the other things I need to do, it takes me a while to settle my mind and focus on my studies.
3. Future; Give at least one example of a way in which you could improve a specific learning skill in future.
Planning my essay before writing it would be my number 1 priority. I only really did this properly on my last assignment and realised the benefits as it made writing my essay so much easier. I’d like to improve my use of vocabulary and be able to use are more wider variety of words.
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