Internship Report

Topics: Election, Elections, Politics Pages: 11 (3773 words) Published: June 24, 2013
Voting Behaviour of People Towards Different Political Parties in District Faisalabad

Durre Shawar and Muhammad Asim

Abstract
Voting is the main form of political participation in democratic societies and the study of voting behavior is a highly specialized sub-field in political and social science. The study was concerned with the reasons why people vote the way they do. The main objectives of the present study were to find out the factors which affect the voting behavior & to explore the factors that constitute political affiliation in District Faisalabad. A sample of 160 household respondents was selected systematically from District Faisalabad through multistage sampling technique. Specifically explored through this study the relationship of voting behavior with education, internal changes in the party, voter’s satisfaction and biradrism are those factors that had strong effect on voting decisions. More than fifty percent (55%) of the respondents vote for the candidate not for the party and (53.1%) of the voters change their behavior due to the internal changes in the party. The value of Chi-Square and Gamma showed a significant and strong association between voter satisfaction with particular political party, favour of biradrism and internal change in the party are strongly associated with voter's behavior. Keywords: voting behavior, class, religion, caste, ethnicity and biradri

Introduction
Man is a social being, and as such he always contributes in social life. But this contribution is not constant: the intensity and types of participation are relevant variables in political analysis. Voting behavior is very important topic because through this we can know the will of people and also the way they want to have it .Voting is very important tool in democratic societies. Democracy provides a chance to the people to become a dynamic citizens rather than inactive subjects (Jost, 2006). A person who is the citizen of Pakistan, is not less than 18 years of age on the first day of the January of the year in which the rolls are prepared or revised, is not declared by a competent court to be of unsound mind and is or is deemed to be the resident of an electoral area, can get himself enrolled as a voter in the electoral area. The citizens registered on the electoral roll are only eligible to cast their vote. (GOP, 2011). Voting defined by Universal Declaration of Human Right as "Voting is the fundamental right of almost all citizens over the age of eighteen. It ensures that will of the people is preserved" (HRCP, 2008). Voting is the expression of a person's preference for a candidate, or a group of candidates, as well as the person's preference of one political system rather than another (Blais, et al., 2004). A person who is the citizen of Pakistan, is not less than 18 years of age on the first day of the January of the year in which the rolls are prepared or revised, is not declared by a competent court to be of unsound mind and is or is deemed to be the resident of an electoral area, can get himself enrolled as a voter in the electoral area. The citizens registered on the electoral roll are only eligible to cast their vote. (GOP, 2011)

The people of Pakistan do not have much experience in elections. The first 23 years of Pakistan were without elections while from 1970 to 2010 nation has experienced 4 regimes of dictatorship. Frequent military interventions hindered the development of a country. The election system has been changing since independence. Hence the political system of Pakistan is still in its experimental stage. Political behavior is a central part of politics of any political system. Politics is an activity related to political system. It is not only a part of political life but social life too (Ahmed, 2004). Studies allied with voting behavior report that voters can be classified into seven most important types by their inspiration to vote: Party Loyal, Morality Seeking Voters,...

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