Running Head: Internet
Internet: Our New World
During the last years the use of the Internet has been very controversial theme, bringing different points of view. Some agree that its use is more advantageous than disadvantageous while others think differently. This paper shows the birth of the Internet, its founders, its pioneers, some advantages and disadvantages, and its future. This research also makes some suggestions for a better protection and functioning of the Internet.
Internet Our New World
“The Internet, sometimes called simply "the Net," is a worldwide system of computer networks - a network of networks in which users at any one computer can, if they have permission, get information from any other computer (and sometimes talk directly to users at other computers)” (Internet, 2010). Today, Internet Service Providers companies like AOL, Insight, Comcast, AT&T, among others have created the infrastructure to facilitate the Internet access to everyone in the U.S. Physically the Internet connection is the connection from one or more computers to several special computers called servers. These servers allow people to display web pages from a browser and access other services that offer these special computers. Technically, the Internet is composed by a set of protocols called TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/ Internet Protocol). The Internet applications which affect our daily life in important ways since its creation include several stages like its history, its advantages, its disadvantages, and its future Everybody in these days talks, debates, argues, and uses the Internet, but does anybody know when all of this abut Internet began? Everything began when The Soviet Union launched its first artificial satellite, Sputnik in 1957, proving before the eyes of the world they were leading the technology in the world. As a consequence of this event, the- United States president, Dwight D. Eisenhower, exhorted to the best of the best American scientists to create something that could compete against the Soviet Union invention. On February 7, 1958 a real network was born thanks to the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) by the Department of Defense Directive 5105.41 and Public Law 85-325. The first recorded description of the social interactions that could be enabled through networking was a series of memos written by J.C.R Licklider of MIT in August 1962 discussing his “Galactic Network” concept. He envisioned a globally interconnected set of computers through which everyone could quickly access data and programs from any site. (Banks, 2008, p.2). In 1965 working with Thomas Merril, Roberts connected the TX-2 computer in mass to the Q-32 in California with a low speed dial-up telephone line creating the first small wide-area computer network ever built. In 1972 Ray Tomlinson at Bolt Beranek and Newman (BBN) wrote the basic email message send and read software motivated by the need of the ARPANET developers for an easy coordination mechanism. (Banks, 2008, p.4) By the end 70’s Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn decided to develop a new version of the protocol which could meet the needs of an open-architecture network environment. This protocol would eventually be called the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP). The first use of the term “Internet” appears in a conference paper by Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn. TCP/IP was adopted as a defense standard three years earlier in 1980. This enabled Defense to begin sharing in the DARPA. Internet technology was based and led directly to the eventual portioning of the military and non-military communities. (Banks, 2008, p.13). Thus, by 1985, Internet was already well established as a technology supporting a broad community of researches and developers, and was beginning to be used by other communities for daily computer communications. (Banks, 2008, p.100) Benefits of the Internet
In these technological times if a company denies...
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