international rtelations

Topics: Africa, Maslow's hierarchy of needs, West Africa Pages: 6 (2325 words) Published: October 19, 2014
Insecurities vary significantly across countries and communities. Both their causes and expressions depend on a complex interaction of international, regional, national and local factors. The one way bilateral approach to achieving human security is a misconception and farfetched approach which is often less realistic and at times destructive. Multilateral approach has important implications for policy making as it accepts that human insecurities cannot be tackled in isolation through stand alone responses but instead a comprehensive approach is needed which stresses the need for cooperative and multilateral responses between the government, regional bodies such as AU, SADC, Donors and also Non Governmental Organisations, BRICS (Brazil Russia India China South Africa) in partnership with the government and the general population in addressing the human security needs. Thus the essay will make use of the Human needs theory , David Easton’s system analysis in trying to link multilateral approach in trying to achieve human security. In explaining the underlying causes of human insecurity in the global south , there is need note in passing the theoretical explanations outlined by john Gaultang .Galtung poses that human insecurity is caused by violence which can be direct or indirect. Human security entails the activity to protect the core of all human lives in a way enhances the human freedom and human fulfillment.(Gaultang 1969 ).This involves protecting fundamental freedoms from critical , pervasive threats and situations .Thus it means creating political , social , environmental , economic , military and cultural systems that give people the building blocks of survival , livelihood and dignity. In a nutshell, the definition reconceptualise’s the traditional approach to security by diverting away from traditional , state centric conceptions of security that was primarily biased towards the defense of the state. The move now encompassed and concentrated on the security of individuals, their protection and empowerment. The 1994 UN report introduced a new concept of human security, which equates security with people rather than territories. Thus human security brings together different and previously neglected human elements of development, security and rights. .Thus the individual is at the center of analysis. It therefore seeks to protect the people from economic, food , health , environmental , personal , community and political security. Multilaterism can be defined as the practice of coordinating national policies in groups of three or more states through arrangements by means of institutions (Robert O 1990). Multilateral approach to health security has helped Liberia, Sierra Leone in the fight of protecting the local people against the Ebola outbreak. This has seen the involvement of the World Heath Organisation , United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) and also the individual countries such as the USA which have provided an experimental drug, China has also provided medical equipment worth $6 million in the form of beds ,vehicles(Michael R 2014). The UNICEF has been providing life saving information through radio and community outreach which is critical to educate the public about the disease and squash myths and misconceptions. The government has also passed emergence laws such which have resulted in curfews in the major affected areas. Basing on Eastons system of analysis , these are the outputs out of the conversion box .On needs to note that countries in the global south also need countries in the global north in order to realise achievements in the human security. Multilateral approach to human security has seen the use of the right to intervention when human life is threatened. This can be noted by the role played by the United States of America ,Britain ,Kurdish fighters and NATO (Northern Atlantic Treaty Organisation) which are currently involved in Iraq against the Islamic state terrorist group...
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