International Relations: Russia-Ukraine Crisis

Topics: Ukraine, Crimea, Russia Pages: 7 (2339 words) Published: October 27, 2014
Why Russia-Ukraine crisis was caused by Russia’s attempt to protect its economy and sovereignty. The topic of international relations has been gaining significance in the modern world following the increase in the popularity of globalization and the need for peaceful coexistence between nations. The high rate of advancement of communication technology, complex global economy, faster means of transport and an increase in value for cooperative relationships are vital to the global society (Almoni 1). A positive relationship between countries, especially the neighboring ones is expected to facilitate the formulation of effective trade agreements. In addition, the issue of immigration or movement of people from one country to another cannot be ignored when addressing the issue of international relations. The present study will address the crisis between Russia and Ukraine. The main focus of the study will be the international agreements between the two countries, their interests, realistic analysis of the crisis, and the future of the relationship between the countries. The ongoing crisis between Ukraine and Russia resulted from Russia’s attempt to protect its sovereignty and economic interests using the military force. Summary of the Russia-Ukraine crisis

The crisis between Russia and Ukraine has been going on for several decades, but gained momentum February 2014 and they are expected to proceed as long as the interests of the two countries remain unaddressed. The crisis resulted from the desire of the governments of the two countries (Russia and Ukraine) to take control of the multi-ethnic region known as the Crimean Peninsula (Borger 1). The Crimean Peninsula has been under the administration of the government of Ukraine, which governs the region as an autonomous Republic of Crimea until February 2014 when the Russian government took the region. The larger proportion of the population of Crimean Peninsula is ethnic Russian (58 %) while Crimean Tatars and ethnic Ukrainians are the minority (Mackinnon 1). The presence of the majority Russian people in the region was used by the government of Russia as a valid reason to send its troops in order to protect the interests of its people. Over the years, Russia and Ukraine have been exchanging the control of the Crimea Peninsula through peaceful agreements. The region of Crimea has also made several attempts to free itself from the control of either of the two countries, but in vain. For example, the parliament of Crimea passed a unanimous resolution to declare its independence in 1992, but the vote was nullified by both the parliaments of Russia and Ukraine (Schmemann 1). Although it was agreed that Crimean Peninsula should remain under the government of Ukraine, the presence of a Russian naval base in the region has been the major point of contention in the relationship between the two countries. In most cases, the aggression between Russia and Ukraine are agitated by Ukraine’s attempt to join the European Union, where the contention over the Crimean Peninsula is often used as a weak point for Russia to express its grievance. The ongoing crisis began with what is commonly referred to as the Kiev revolution. It is estimated that between 400,000 and 800,000 demonstrators went into the streets when the former president of Ukraine (Viktor Yanukovych) delayed the signing of the association agreement between Ukraine and The European Union (Whitmore 1). The delayed signing of the agreement that would lead to the integration of Ukraine to the European Union resulted from economic pressure exerted by Russia on Ukraine. The procrastinated signing of the deal was perceived by the majority of Ukrainians as a betrayal. This resulted in violent demonstrations that were conducted by Ukrainians who held pro-European values. The violence resulted in death of about 103 people and 1418 protestors injured (Dettmer 1). It is suspected that the killing was done by snipers who were hired by the...
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