International Law

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Introduction

International Organizations are attempting to target and eliminate child labour beginning by pinpointing the problem itself and understanding the reasons for it.
UNICEF’s latest statistics from 2011 indicate that one in every six children aged five to fourteen are engaged in child labour in developing countries. The International Labour Organization (ILO) says there are over two hundred and fifteen million children working worldwide either part time or full time jobs. Furthermore, seventy percent of them work in dangerous environments. The ILO is leading the fight in eliminating child labour in an organized fashion. Their research suggests the damaging effects of child labour must be systematically eliminated beginning with the worst forms of child labour. The process begins with understanding the problem itself, the causes and consequences, socio-political aspects, and all the variables involved. The hard work of the ILO has helped create Treaties and Conventions banning child labour and “identifying concrete measures for Governments to take (UNICEF, 2011).” Through socio-legal challenges, the ILO is working tirelessly as they are at the forefront of the fight against child labour. This has resulted in various forms of success as they still have a long way to go. Using labour standards, Conventions, Recommendations, creating organizations, getting member states involved, raising awareness, and stressing basic human rights, the International Labour Organization has created a formula in the fight to end child labour.

UNICEF- Convention on the Rights of the Child

UNICEF, acronym of United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund, has a mission to advocate for the protection of children’s rights, “to help meet their basic needs and to expand their opportunities to reach their full potential (UNICEF, 2011).” Just like the ILO, UNICEF is a special programme of the United Nations. This international organization relates to the ILO



Bibliography: Canadian Labour Congress. (2012). Minimum Age Laws in Canada. Retrieved on March 25, 2012 from http://www.canadianlabour.ca/action-center/minimum-age- campaign/minimum-age-laws-canada Constitution International Initiative To End Child Labour. (2012). Join With IIECL: Campaigns. Retrieved March 07, 2012 from http://endchildlabor.org/?page_id=284 International Labour Organization International Labour Organization. (2006). Child Labour: A Day in the Life. Mifflin, H Sundari, L., & Natarajan, V., & Ananthakrishna. (2010). Sociological aspects of child labour. The Indian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 51, 665-668. UNICEF. (1997). The Working Child: 1 out of every 4 in the developing world. The State of the World’s children, p.25. UNICEF UNICEF. (2012). In Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved March 14, 2012 from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/616378/UNICEF The Role of International Labour Organization in Eliminating Child Labour

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