International Labor Organization
The International Labor Organization (ILO) was created in 1919, as a component of the Treaty of Versailles that ended World War I. The ILO was predicated on the conception to reflect on the notion that universal and lasting tranquility can be accomplished only if it is predicated on social justice. The Constitution was drafted between January and April, 1919, by the Labor Commission set up by the Peace conference. The driving forces for ILO’s creation arose from security, humanitarian, political and economic considerations (International Labor Standards, n.d).
The Commission, chaired by Samuel Gompers, head of the American Federation of Labor (AFL) in the United States, was composed of representatives from nine countries: Belgium, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, France, Italy, Japan, Poland, the Amalgamated Kingdom and the United States. It resulted in a tripartite organization, the only one of its kind assembling representatives of regimes, employers and workers in its executive bodies (International Labor Standards, February, 2014). The ILO Constitution 's Preamble says the High Contracting Parties were moved by sentiments of justice and humanity as well as by the desire to secure the permanent peace of the world. During this time period there was a profound appreciation of the importance of social justice in securing peace, against a background of exploitation of workers in the industrializing nations. There was also increasing understanding of the world 's economic interdependence and the need for cooperation to obtain similarity of working conditions in countries competing for markets (International Labor Standards, February, 2014). .
The argument of whether labor standards are feasible continues to be debated. The International Labor Organization and other groups argue that the absence of international labor standards are obstacles to the escape from poverty for the world 's poor. Further, they argue that stringent
References: Carden, A., & Hall, J. (2009, September 28). Labor standards or liberty. Retrieved from http://mises.org/daily/3679 M.C.Y., L. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.ilo.org/global/standards/introduction-to-international-labour-standards/the-benefits-of-international-labour-standards/lang--en/index.htm