DEFINATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS:
Human rights are the rights possessed by all persons, by virtue of their common humanity, to live a life of freedom and dignity. They give all people moral claims on the behavior of individuals and on the design of social arrangements—and are universal, inalienable and indivisible. Human rights express our deepest commitments to ensuring that all persons are secure in their enjoyment of the goods and freedoms that are necessary for dignified living.
International human rights law is a set of international rules, established by treaty or custom, on the basis of which individuals and groups can expect and/or claim certain behavior or benefits from governments .
Human rights are inherent entitlements which belong to every person as a consequence of being human. Numerous non-treaty based principles and guidelines also belong to the body of international human rights standards. International human rights law main treaty sources include: o The universal declaration of Human Rights (1948) o The International Covenants on Civil and Political Rights and on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966) o Conventions on Genocide (1948) o International Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Racial Discrimination (1965) o Discrimination against Women (1979) o Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (1984). o Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989).
The main regional instrument in Africa is the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights (1981). The United Nations charter also recognizes and protects the human rights examples being spelled out in articles 1, 55, 56,62,68,76.
International human rights law binds all actors to an armed conflict: in international conflicts it must be observed by the states involved, whereas in internal conflict it binds the government, as well the groups fighting against it or amongst them. Thus, International human rights law