top-rated free essay

International communities

By adddavalle Dec 01, 2013 773 Words

During World War II, Propaganda was a driving force that kept the battles heated and each nation’s population united for a common cause. When we look back at World War II, both countries, Germany and the United States, created vast promotions during the war that were degrading to their opposing sides. A great sense of nationalism was building up and these propagandists did anything to keep their country on top no matter how degrading and deceiving it could possibly be. They stereotyped and lied about their opponents just to heighten patriotism through posters and film and the images used in these types of propaganda by both governments took every flaw of our enemies and blew them out of proportion. While the United States promoted production and Germany uplifted xenophobic thoughts, both countries created a sense of nationalism and brought their countries together under fraudulent thoughts of their enemies.

The League of Nations was an international organization, headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, created after the First World War to provide a forum for resolving international disputes. It was first proposed by President Woodrow Wilson as part of his Fourteen Points plan for an equitable peace in Europe, but the United States was never a member. The league failed to resolve conflicts in the late 1920s and early 1930s. It never had a military alliance, and therefore could not enforce its decisions. This lead to an arms race, and there was nothing the league could do to prevent the Second World War. Wilson's solution was to take the treaty and the League to the American people. Wilson believed that if he convinced enough Americans that only the Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations could prevent all other future catastrophic wars, then the Senate would have no choice but to ratify the treaty.

The Soviet Union began with a large Civil War emerging from a relatively mercantile economy. Under Lenin, the nation began to see some degree of free market Capitalism, but, under Stalin, the economy was put under control of the State, and Totalitarianism began. After a quick, forced, and costly industrialization, the USSR emerged as a Superpower, rival to the USA. Also, under Stalin, and later other leaders, the Soviet Union neglected agriculture in favor of military. As a result, millions starved. Finally, because of the foolishness and corruption in the State, the Soviet Union fell apart under Gorbachev in 1991. The People's Republic of China wouldn't have existed if it weren't for USSR funds. However, that's not where the difference comes into play. China based its revolution on the backs of the peasants, and, after victory, Mao Zedong tried to equalize the population by swapping all of the upper class and lower class, leaving educated scholars in the fields for farming and ignorant peasants in major government roles. Needless to say, nothing got done willingly, as not enough food was produced by the new "farmers." This came, unfortunately, during a time when China was forcing industrialization as well, causing the deaths of hundreds of millions of people. After Mao's death, China witnessed the failures of the Soviet Union and decided to adapt in order to survive. Instead of sticking with a State-run economy, China changed. Now, China allows for a good deal of free market Capitalism, as long as everybody understands that the market is only free because the Communist Party of China decided that it was free. In essence, the Soviet Union used proletarians, China used peasants; both used State-run economies; the Soviet Union collapsed because it didn't change, China changed and still thrives.

Gorbachev's primary goal as General Secretary was to revive the Soviet economy after the stagnant Brezhnev year. In 1985, he announced that the Soviet economy was stalled and that reorganization was needed. Gorbachev proposed a "vague programme of reform", which was adopted at the April Plenum of the Central Committee. He called for increased industrial and agricultural productivity, fast-paced technological modernization, and attempted to reform the Soviet bureaucracy to be more efficient and prosperous. Gorbachev soon realized that fixing the Soviet economy would be near-impossible without reforming the political and social structure of the Communist nation. Gorbachev announced his new policy of perestroika in 1986. The new policy of "reconstruction" was introduced in an attempt to overcome the economic stagnation by creating a dependable and effective mechanism for accelerating economic and social progress. According to Gorbachev, perestroika was the "conference of development of democracy, socialist self-government, encouragement of initiative and creative endeavor, improved water and disciplined, more glasnost, criticism and self-criticism in all spheres of our society. It is utmost respect for the individual and consideration for personal dignity."

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • community based tourism

    ...The concept of Community-based Tourism (CBT) can be found in the work of Murphy (1985), where aspects concerning tourism and developing local communities are analyzed, and in a further study by the same author in 2004 (Murphy and Murphy, 2004). Along with these two studies, there are several other research papers analyzing the relationship betwe...

    Read More
  • Community Nursing

    ...Community as partner model To gain access to the community, the community must: - Perceive that a need exist - Believe that the CHN can help address this need - Perceive that its information and contributions are valued - Be assured of confidentiality for non-public information - Be involved from the beginning in this partnership Compare ...

    Read More
  • Community in Psychology

    ...guide for community psychology 1. A count of the current number of drug addicts in a community is a measure of 2. A person who says, “everyone knows that…” is referring to – anecdotal evidence 3. A placebo is – the controlled group gets the placebo; doesn’t get TX but similar side effects 4. A positive corr...

    Read More
  • Community Assessment

    ...ASSESSMENT 1 Community Assessment Nikki Shannon Johnston Walden University NURS:4011, Section 07, Family, Community, and Population-Based Care February 13, 2014 COMMUNITY ASSESSMENT ...

    Read More
  • Individuality and Community

    ... Individuality and Community Individuality shapes people and forms our communities based on the way people think. These communities are made up of various cultures and traditions, as well as, races and ethnic backgrounds. Culture is what unites us as human beings; it also divides us into...

    Read More
  • Community Diagnosis

    ...PBH 611: Independent Field Study Community Diagnosis in Public Health Question 1: What do you mean by “Community” or Write down the definition of Community? Answer: A cluster of people with at least one common characteristic (geographic location, occupation, ethnicity, housing condition……). Community is a group of people with a c...

    Read More
  • Community Spirit

    ...Dear Community Members, • Want to create a safe environment for your family? • Increase the value of your property? • Unify your neighborhood to create a safe, fun, spirited community? If you’ve answered YES to any of these questions, why not join us at Town Hall Community Center, located at 123 Main St. Frisco, TX 75035 Friday...

    Read More
  • Community Service

    ...AND ETHICS REPORT: COMMUNITY SERVICE - “VISIT FOR US” AT RUMAH ANAK-ANAK YATIM BAITUL HIDAYAH, PUCHONG PREPARED BY: AFIFFAH FATHIYYAH BT MOHAMED YUSOF 2011730131 NORHIDAYAH BT NORAZMAN 2011129641 NOR ZALINA BT ITAM RAZALI 2011994405 NUR HAYYU FARAHIN BT JEOFRY 2011339985 NUR SHUHADA BT ISHAK 201176674...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.