Internal and external policy of KZ
Internal policy (domestic)
Kazakhstan is a secular democratic, lawful and social state. The Constitution declares the principle of a unitary state with a presidential form of government. A president of the RK is the Head of State, its top official, who defines domestic and foreign policies of the country and represents Kazakhstan within the country and in international relations. He is a symbol and guarantor of the people’s unity and state power, the freedoms and rights of citizens. Under the constitutional law, the President is elected based on the universal, equal and direct elective franchise, through a secret vote for a term of the seven years. The Parliament of KZ is the supreme representative body of the country, which performs legislative functions. The Parliament consists of 2 chambers: the Senate and the Majilis, which operate on a standing basis. The Senate is made up of deputies who are elected, two from each region, the cities of republican importance and the capital of the country at a joint meeting of deputies of representative bodies from these administrative units. Deputies are elected on an indirect elective franchise, through a secret ballot. Half of the deputies elected are reelected every two years. Seven deputies of the Senate are appointed by the President of the country for the term of the Senate’s authority. The last convocation was elected on 17th September 1999. The Majilis comprises 77 deputies, 67 of whom are elected from one-mandate territorial voting districts. Which are set up taking account of the administrative and territorial divisions of KZ. The deputies are elected on the basis of party lists, under a proportionate representation system, and on the territory of the common national voting district. Deputies are elected on the basis of a universal, equal and direct elective franchise, through a secret vote. The last convocation was elected on 10th of October 1999. The term of the office of...
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