This report will look at Inter country adoption in Australia and will relate to the state of Victoria, as each states adoption laws differ slightly.
For the audience to understand inter country adoption we must first look at adoption in general. Adoption is when a family takes a child who has different birth parents into their lives to bring up as their own. An individual or couple becomes the legal and permanent parents of a child.
People adopt a child or children for a number of reasons, some reasons may be because they want to have a family and they are not able to have biological children of their own or they feel that they are in a position to make a difference to a child’s life.
There are three types of adoption in Australia. They are local adoption, known child adoption and inter country adoption. Local adoption is when the couple wanting to adopt the child are residents of Australia and have no prior knowledge of the child and no connection to the child what so ever. Known child adoption is when a relative, carer or friend of the family applies to become the child’s legal guardian. Inter country adoption is adoption of children from countries other than Australia who are legally able to be placed for adoption, but who generally have had no previous contact or relationship with the adoptive parents.
Background and history
Intercountry adoption programs began in Australia in the 1960s as part of a humanitarian response to children of countries afflicted by war, poverty and social and political problems. In 1975 as the Vietnam War was coming to the end, the Vietnamese Government agreed to allow a number of children to leave the country for the purposes of intercountry adoption. Two hundred and ninety two children came to Australia and were adopted by Australian families.
Since that time, inter country adoption in Australia has become more common and the number of inter country adoptions has substantially increased