Interaction of Human Organic Anion Transporters and Haman Organic Cation Transporters with Nsaids

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0022-3565/02/3032-534 –539$7.00 THE JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY AND EXPERIMENTAL THERAPEUTICS Copyright © 2002 by The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics JPET 303:534–539, 2002

Vol. 303, No. 2 37580/1014526 Printed in U.S.A.

Interactions of Human Organic Anion Transporters and Human Organic Cation Transporters with Nonsteroidal AntiInflammatory Drugs

SUPARAT KHAMDANG, MICHIO TAKEDA, RIE NOSHIRO, SHINICHI NARIKAWA, ATSUSHI ENOMOTO, NAOHIKO ANZAI, PAWINEE PIYACHATURAWAT, and HITOSHI ENDOU
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Kyorin University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan (S.K., M.T., R.N., S.N., A.E., N.A., H.E.); and Department of Physiology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand (S.K., P.P.) Received April 15, 2002; accepted July 9, 2002

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to elucidate the interactions of human organic anion transporters (hOATs) and human organic cation transporters (hOCTs) with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) using cells stably expressing hOATs and hOCTs. NSAIDs tested were acetaminophen, acetylsalicylate, salicylate, diclofenac, ibuprofen, indomethacin, ketoprofen, mefenamic acid, naproxen, piroxicam, phenacetin, and sulindac. These NSAIDs inhibited organic anion uptake mediated by hOAT1, hOAT2, hOAT3, and hOAT4. By comparing the IC50 values of NSAIDs for hOATs, it was found that hOAT1 and hOAT3 exhibited higher affinity interactions with NSAIDs than

did hOAT2 and hOAT4. HOAT1, hOAT2, hOAT3, and hOAT4 mediated the uptake of either ibuprofen, indomethacin, ketoprofen, or salicylate, but not acetylsalicylate. Although organic cation uptake mediated by hOCT1 and hOCT2 was also inhibited by some NSAIDs, hOCT1 and hOCT2 did not mediate the uptake of NSAIDs. In conclusion, hOATs and hOCTs interacted with various NSAIDs, whereas hOATs but not hOCTs mediated the transport of some of these NSAIDs. Considering the localization of hOATs, it was suggested that the interactions of



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