Int1

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TASK 1

Task 1 Section 1

CONCEPT: A FLAT EARTH
Many ancient cultures believed the Earth was flat and surrounded by water. Scientific discoveries through the course of history has proven this false.

Flat Earth Image (2012) Retrieved 4/20/2012 from: http://www.glennbeck.com/publish/uploads/2012/03/flat-earth.jpg

Task 1 Section 1

ANCIENT BELIEFS
Ancient cultures did not believe the Earth to be the spherical object we know Earth to be today. The ancient Chinese people believed the sky was a round dome surrounded by a square Earth. Ancient Egyptian’s believed the world to be a flat disk floating in the ocean.
Many followers of the writings in the bible interpreted the angels standing in the four corners of the Earth as a reference to a flat Earth. (Russel, 1997)
Over the course of centuries, our understanding of the solar system and what part our planet plays in the galaxies expanded. Although some of the theory's were not readily accepted by the masses, overtime, scientific discoveries could not be refuted and the round earth concept could not be refuted.

^ Russel (1997) The Myth of the Flat Earth http://www.veritas-ucsb.org Retrieved from http://www.veritas-ucsb.org/library/russell/FlatEarth.html

Task 1 Section 1

EVOLVING KNOWLEDGE
Around 500 BC, Pythagoras theorized that the Earth was round because the moon was round. He observed the moon as it moved through its orbital cycle.
Specifically the line between the part of the moon in the light and in the dark.
(Unknown Author, 1999)

The concept that the Earth was not flat, but a sphere dates back to the 6th century by the Greek. Aristotle, who was a Greek philosopher, advocated the
Earth was a sphere. He came to this conclusion by observing the circular shadow cast on the moon during a lunar eclipse. (Fowler, 2008)
Eratosthenes calculated the Earth circumference in 240 BC using trigonometry.
His knowledge of the angle of elevation of the sun at noon. He based the

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