INT 1 – Task 2
The Everglades national park is
located in South Florida, it
expands 1,509,000 acres
throughout 3 Florida state
counties. The wetlands elevation
ranges 0-8 feet above sea level.
Saw-grass prairies (most abundant)
Swaps and marshes
Alligators (most dangerous predator)
Birds, fish, snails, frogs and turtles
Warm all year with dry and wet seasons
70% of the rainfall occurs during the wet season
The everglades receive 40-65 inches of precipitation per year
The water start flowing from a nearby river, then into a local lake and finally into the everglades
Temperature during the wet season averages at 80
degrees Fahrenheit with 90% humidity
During the dry season, the water level drop, and the
temperature reduces to about 70 degrees Fahrenheit (“
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Everglades_National_Park” , n.d)
Current Human Impacts
Fresh water is a necessity for living organisms to survive
Diversion of water away from the everglades and into South Florida urban areas is the biggest human threat
During the 1950s and 1960s, 1400 miles of canals, gates, spillways and pumping stations were constructed to deviate water away from the park and into cities (Everglades National Park, U.S. National Parks.net “www.fossweb.com”, n.d)
Low levels of water leaves fish vulnerable to predators
Saw grass dies, therefore, predators cannot feed off of animals that need the saw grass to survive
The population of wading birds have decreased by 29% as of 2009
Visitors at the everglades receive a brochure that reads: “Freshwater flowing into the park is engineered. With the help of pumps, floodgates, and retention ponds along the park's boundary, the Everglades is presently on life support, alive but diminished.” Only 50% of what the everglades used to be remain intact, this is due to humans drainage attempts.
Future Human Impacts
If current trends continue, the extinction of
several species of animals is inevitable (e.g.
Florida panther and American alligator)
Water quality in the everglades can turn toxic
for animals and plants as it is affected by
agricultural fertilizers, pesticides and metals.
Human’s water diversion projects have
destroyed 50% of the everglades, if this does
not stop, the everglades will turn into a dry
wetland with infected soil.
In 1989, Everglades National Park Protection and Expansion Act, added 109,506 acres to the park
In 2000, the CERP (Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan) was approved, the objective of this plan is basically to find a beneficial point to both human and wildlife in regards to waterrelated needs The State of Florida has invested 2 billion dollars into restoring the everglades(“https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
Everglades_National_Park ”, n.d)
“Tampa Bay Seawater Desalination Project” provides 53 million gallons of clean water. It needs more funding to be expanded, therefore less water is taken away from the everglades.
(American Park Network, Everglades National Park “
www.fossweb.com” , n.d)
National Park Service, Everglades National Park Official Website -http ://www.nps.gov/ever/welcome2.htm. Retrieved on July 19th, 2015 from http://www.fossweb.com/delegate/ssi-foss-ucm/Contribution%20Folders/FOSS/multimedia_m s_1E/PopulationsandEcosystems/ecoscenario/everglades/content.html
Everglades National Park, U.S. National Parks.net, not associated with government national parks websites - http://www.everglades.national-park.com/. Retrieved on July 19th, 2015 from
American Park Network,...
References: ://www.nps.gov/ever/welcome2.htm. Retrieved on July 19th, 2015 from
American Park Network, Everglades National Park http://www.americanparknetwork.com/parkinfo/ev/index.html. Retrieved on July 19th, 2015
Please join StudyMode to read the full document