INT 1 Task 2 V

Topics: Florida, Everglades National Park, Everglades Pages: 8 (599 words) Published: July 22, 2015
INT 1 – Task 2
Javier Pabe

The Everglades national park is
located in South Florida, it
expands 1,509,000 acres
throughout 3 Florida state
counties. The wetlands elevation
ranges 0-8 feet above sea level.

Biotic Components

Saw-grass prairies (most abundant)
 Freshwater ponds
 Sloughs
 Swaps and marshes

Alligators (most dangerous predator)
 Florida Panther
 Birds, fish, snails, frogs and turtles

Abiotic Components
Warm all year with dry and wet seasons
 70% of the rainfall occurs during the wet season
between May-October
 The everglades receive 40-65 inches of precipitation per year
 The water start flowing from a nearby river, then into a local lake and finally into the everglades
 Temperature during the wet season averages at 80
degrees Fahrenheit with 90% humidity
 During the dry season, the water level drop, and the
temperature reduces to about 70 degrees Fahrenheit (“” , n.d) 

Current Human Impacts

Fresh water is a necessity for living organisms to survive
Diversion of water away from the everglades and into South Florida urban areas is the biggest human threat
During the 1950s and 1960s, 1400 miles of canals, gates, spillways and pumping stations were constructed to deviate water away from the park and into cities (Everglades National Park, U.S. National “”, n.d)

 Low levels of water leaves fish vulnerable to predators
 Saw grass dies, therefore, predators cannot feed off of animals that need the saw grass to survive
 The population of wading birds have decreased by 29% as of 2009
Visitors at the everglades receive a brochure that reads: “Freshwater flowing into the park is engineered. With the help of pumps, floodgates, and retention ponds along the park's boundary, the Everglades is presently on life support, alive but diminished.” Only 50% of what the everglades used to be remain intact, this is due to humans drainage attempts.

Future Human Impacts
If current trends continue, the extinction of
several species of animals is inevitable (e.g.
Florida panther and American alligator)
 Water quality in the everglades can turn toxic
for animals and plants as it is affected by
agricultural fertilizers, pesticides and metals.
 Human’s water diversion projects have
destroyed 50% of the everglades, if this does
not stop, the everglades will turn into a dry
wetland with infected soil.

Restoration Efforts
In 1989, Everglades National Park Protection and Expansion Act, added 109,506 acres to the park
 In 2000, the CERP (Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan) was approved, the objective of this plan is basically to find a beneficial point to both human and wildlife in regards to waterrelated needs  The State of Florida has invested 2 billion dollars into restoring the everglades(“

Everglades_National_Park ”, n.d)
 “Tampa Bay Seawater Desalination Project” provides 53 million gallons of clean water. It needs more funding to be expanded, therefore less water is taken away from the everglades.
(American Park Network, Everglades National Park “” , n.d)


National Park Service, Everglades National Park Official Website -http :// Retrieved on July 19th, 2015 from s_1E/PopulationsandEcosystems/ecoscenario/everglades/content.html

Everglades National Park, U.S. National, not associated with government national parks websites - Retrieved on July 19th, 2015 from s_1E/PopulationsandEcosystems/ecoscenario/everglades/content.html

American Park Network,...

References: :// Retrieved on July 19th, 2015 from
American Park Network, Everglades National Park Retrieved on July 19th, 2015
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