Continental J. Sustainable Development 3 (1): 30 - 38, 2012 ISSN: 2251 – 0486 © Wilolud Journals, 2012 http://www.wiloludjournal.com Printed in Nigeria doi:10.5707/cjsd.2012.3.1.30.38 A CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF THE STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING INLAND CONTAINER DEPORTS (ICD) PERFORMANCE/PRODUCTIVITY IN NIGERIAN ENVIRONMENT Obed B.C. Ndikom and G.C Emeghara Department of Maritime Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri ABSTRACT This paper reviews the nature, characteristics, structural operations, operational modalities and strategies for improving Inland Container Deports performance/productivity within the confines of the Nigerian Maritime Environment. Inland Container Deport is a place where containers/cargo is aggregated for onward movement to and from the ports. It is a also a common-user facility with a public authority status, equipped with fixed installations and offering services for handling and temporary storage of import/export laden and empty containers carried under customs control. The paper will examine strategies that will improve operational performance/productivity of ICD’s in the context of Nigerian Maritime Industry. ICD’s originally is meant to decongest the port ab initio but the concept over the years has been truncated due to the Government Policy inconsistencies. Therefore, effort shall be made in this paper to explore ways and synthesized strategies of improving Inland Container Deports (ICD) performance/productivity in a Nigerian Maritime Environment. KEYWORDS: Improving Inland Container Deports (ICD), operational performance/productivity, Nigerian Maritime Environment, handling and storage. INTRODUCTION The word ‘inland’ means in or relating to the part of a country that is not near the coast, port city or a border’, while a container means a large medal box of standard size into which goods are packed so that they can be transported securely and efficiently from departure point to destination by road, sea, or rail, without having to be repacked; a deport means a warehouse or other place used for storing things. Thus, inland container is a house for storing metal containers that transported from sea or air, to the interior (hinterland) of a country. ICDs or CFSs are transit facilities which offer services for containerization of break- bulk cargo and they are, to a large extent, served by rail or road transport. It is expected to note that, a dry port located in the hinterland is called an ICD, while that located within the confines of the port city is called a CFS-Container freight station. But all dry ports are ‘hubs’ which facilitate the aggregation and transport of export of containers from the hinterland to seaports. Also, they act as receiving hubs for import containers meant for the hinterland. Other functions include cargo consolidation, stuffing and destuffing, warehousing, customs clearance and duty collection centers, processing of customs documents, cargo and container handling. Therefore, an ICD is a place where containers/ cargo are aggregated for onward movement to and from the ports. It is pertinent to note that, an inland container depot may be defined as a common- user facility with a public authority status, equipped with fixed installations and offering services for handling and temporary storage of import/export laden and empty containers carried under Customs control. Hopefully, Customs and other competent agencies due clear the goods from ICDs for home use, warehousing, temporary admission or storage for onward transit, re-export, or an outright export at the end of the day. More so, a CFS is a place where containers are packed and unpacked and also, aggregation/ segregation of cargo takes place there. An ICD may have a CFS attached to it. But ICDs are generally located outside a port town/city, whereas no site restriction applies to a CFS at the end of the day. Concepts of Inland Container Dry Ports and Bonded Warehouse The concept of bonded warehouse and...
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Obed B.C. Ndikom and G.C Emeghara: Continental J. Sustainable Development 3 (1): 30 - 38, 2012
Ndkom, O.B. (2005). Relevance of the ports system to the Nigerian economy. Presented at Background to Shipping in Nigeria, organized by Admirally Resources, Lagos. Ndikom, O.B (2006). A critical assessment of operational performance of bonded warehouse and inland container terminal published in Journal of Research in National Development: A publication of the Trans campus interdisciplinary Research and study group C/o Department of Maritime Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri. Usman, H.M. (2008). Decentralisation and restructuring in the Nigerian seaports. Presented at a national workshop on Modernization and Development of Nigerian Ports through Greater Private Sector Involvement. Received for Publication: 08/02/2011 Accepted for Publication: 21/03/2012 Corresponding author Obed B.C. Ndikom Department of Maritime Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri
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