Informative Speech Outline
Title: How to perform CPR
Specific Purpose: To inform my audience how to perform CPR when responding to an emergency situation.
Central Idea: In order to save a victim’s life it is important to know the three steps of CPR: survey the scene, contact emergency medical services (EMS), and start CPR.
I. According to the American Red Cross, the first step in any emergency is to survey the scene.
A. The most important thing to remember while performing first aid is that you and the victim are safe. You do not want to put yourself or the victim in any more danger.
B. Check the victim to see if they are conscious.
Transition: Now that we have surveyed the scene and know that the victim is unconscious the second step is to contact emergency medical services. II. Call 911 and explain the situation in as much detail as you can.
A. Designate one person to contact EMS.
B. If you are the only person around you must call EMS before continuing with the victim.
C. Make sure to give your name, the address, and the victim’s condition.
III. Start to perform CPR. A. Position the victim onto their back being very careful with their head and back in case of any neck or spinal cord injury.
B. What was once known as ABC has been changed to CAB 1. Compressions 2. Airway 3. Breathing
C. Start compressions by placing the heel of your hand in the middle of the victim’s chest. Put your other hand on top of the first with your fingers interlaced. Compress the chest at least 2 inches. Allow the chest to completely recoil before the next compression. Compress the chest at a rate of at least 100 pushes per minute. Perform 30 compressions at this rate.
D. Open the victim’s airway by placing one hand on victim’s forehead and two fingers under victim’s chin while tilting head back. Take two fingers from hand that is holding victim’s forehead and pinch off nose. Make a seal over
Bibliography: http://firstaid.about.com/od/cpr/ht/06_cpr.htm http://depts.washington.edu/learncpr/quickcpr.html http://www.marsec4.com/2011/04/new-cpr-guidelines/