Informative Essay On Lung Cancer

Good Essays
When someone hears the word cancer, a lot of things run through their mind. Cancer is the second most leading cause of death in America; by taking over more than half a million lives. There are many different types of cancer, but lung cancer leads the cause of death in cancer patients.
What exactly is lung cancer one might ask? Everyone knows what cancer is, but what makes lung cancer different from other kinds is a very good question. Cancer forms when there is a mutation that forms in the DNA (Lung Cancer 101 1). Various things can trigger a mutation in the lungs, but some of the common ones are smoking cigarettes, breathing in asbestos, and being around random gasses; radon being the popular one. Lung cancer is where the abnormal cells
…show more content…
Non-small cell cancer is mostly treated with surgery, where a surgeon removes a section of the lung that contains cancer (Lung Cancer 101 5). If the patient has stage three or four and isn’t a good candidate for surgery, the treatment would be chemotherapy and radiation. Even though surgery is common for non-small cell, small cell treatment is completely different. Not very many patients undergo surgery if they have the small cell (Lung Cancer 101 6). The primary treatment is chemotherapy and a high dose of radiation. Half of the patients that get diagnosed with small cell cancer are at a high risk of cancer spreading to the brain. Doctors try to prevent this by prescribing radiation therapy for the brain just to be safe.
The side effects of chemotherapy and radiation are usually short term and depends on how long the patient is taking the treatment and how much. Blood clots are a very common effect after the treatment but can be very dangerous. Since they are a very common side effect, doctors can prevent them by keeping the patient active as much as they can. While taking chemotherapy, the patient’s bones tend to weaken and become fragile. To prevent this from happening or even trying to decrease the risk of having problems is having the patient take calcium to strengthen their

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Satisfactory Essays

    Lung cancer is also called carcinoma of the lung. All the way back from the 18th century. lung is considered one of death since the 1900’s . It’s a type of disease that can kill anyone, may it be smoker or even a non smoker. Although back in the year 1870’s, lung cancer was still a rare disease. Only a shocking 1% of the recorded autopsies were the cause of lung cancer.…

    • 178 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Better Essays

    When I was 14 my mother was diagnosed with lung cancer, which had quickly spread to her bones, then brain. I was so lost and confused; my mother never smoked a day in her life. She was a healthy woman who ate right and exercised regularly, the doctors gave her 6 months to live, and I lost her at 16. Although, there are so many people in the world who do not smoke and develop lung cancer, there’s many ways a non-smoker can get lung cancer: environmental, second hand smoking, as well as some other natural effects that can cause a person to develop lung cancer.…

    • 1722 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Essay On Cancer Awareness

    • 566 Words
    • 3 Pages

    There are a lot of tough diseases in the world but the most common one is cancer. It's a disease that attacks the body cells dangerously by spreading inside the body destroying the immune system. It's also known as a malignant tumor that stops the the cell growth and invade the whole body. It's a serious disease that considered as the main reason of death for humans. However many people had survived it. It can be cured if it was discovered earlier. Lately research has proved that there are some people who survived it. It’s a fatal disease that everyone must be aware of it.…

    • 566 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Lung Cancer

    • 1750 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Lung cancer is “the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in one or both lungs”. These abnormal cells do not carry out the functions of normal lung cells and do not develop into healthy lung tissue. As they grow, “the abnormal cells can form tumors and interfere with the functioning of the lung, which provides oxygen to the body via the blood”. There are two major types of lung cancer, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and small cell lung cancer (SCLC). Staging lung cancer is based on whether the cancer is local or has spread from the lungs to the lymph nodes or other organs. Because the lungs are large, tumors can grow in them for a long time before they are found. Even when symptoms—such as coughing and fatigue—do occur, people think they are due to other causes. For this reason, “early-stage lung cancer (stages I and II) is difficult to detect. Most people with lung cancer are diagnosed at stages III and IV. Non-small cell lung cancer accounts for about 85 percent of lung cancers”(Lung Cancer 101.). The most common form is called Adenocarcinoma.…

    • 1750 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Many people today have a disease called Cancer, it depends when the doctors find it, it could be big or it could be small. Doctor’s now have the equipment to surgically remove cancer. Sometime’s doctors have to shrink the tumor depending how big it is in order to remove it. Kids can get it easily get cancer there are kids all over the world are getting sick with cancer. I picked this disease because it isn’t something fun to have.…

    • 494 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    lung cancer

    • 927 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Cited: Board, A.D.A.M. Editorial. Lung Cancer. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 20 Sept. 2013. Web. 15 Apr. 2014.…

    • 927 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Smoking causes the majority of lung cancers in smokers. The amount of lung cancer is powerfully connected with cigarette smoking, with about 90% of lung cancers rising ,as a result of tobacco use. The risk of lung cancer rises with the number of cigarettes smoked over time; doctors state to this risk in terms of pack-years of smoking history. Doctors believe smoking causes lung cancer by damaging the cells that mark the lungs. When one breathes in cigarette smoke, which is full of cancer-causing materials, changes in the lung tissue begin almost rapidly. In the beginning one’s body may be able to heal this harm. Even so, with each frequent exposure, normal cells that line one’s lungs are gradually damaged. As time passed, the damage leads cells to act oddly and finally cancer can progress.…

    • 500 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Essay On Carcinogenesis

    • 888 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The term "cancer" refers to a large group of very different diseases. They have one thing in common: the uncontrolled division of cells of an organ or tissue. These cells do not grow old and die not from spite of many changes in how healthy cells. They disguise themselves so the immune system does not recognize them as ill or injured. It can malignant tumors arise, as in cervical cancer: He is one of the "solid" tumors, as opposed to "systemic" diseases of the blood or bone marrow, in which cancer cells can spread throughout the body from the very beginning.…

    • 888 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Lung cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells that start off in one or both lungs. It usually happens in the cells that line the air passages in your lungs. These cells that form in the lungs do not develop into healthy lung tissue, but it divides rapidly and forms tumors. When these tumors grow they make it such a problem that it slowly stops the lungs ability to provide the bloodstream with oxygen. The tumors that remain stable in one spot and do not spread throughout the lungs are called benign tumors. Preventing cancer is such a necessity and an essential component to cancer control plans because an estimated number about 40% of all cancer deaths could have or can be prevented.…

    • 1019 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Cancer is the name for a group of 100 diseases in which abnormal cells in a part of the body begin to grow out of control. Lung cancer occurs when this uncontrolled cell growth begins in one or both lungs – American Cancer Society…

    • 492 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Better Essays

    “Traditional” cancer treatments are on the rise and are in abundance. The most common treatments are surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation. A few of the lesser known are targeted therapy, immunotherapy, and stem cell transplant. Surgery is not only a treatment, but it can be used to diagnose and prevent most cancers. There are multiple surgical techniques, such as, full removal, partial removal, and some techniques are to treat a specific problem caused by the cancer itself. Chemotherapy is the use of strong medications, which have been proven, to kill or damage cancer cells, to treat cancer. There are over one hundred medications that can be used in different combinations. Radiation therapy is the utilization, of high-energy waves, to damage or destroy the cancer cells(Mayo,”Cancer”). Sadly, all of these treatments have horrible side effects, which can start, as soon as the first treatment, and also have terrible consequences, many years after the initial treatment, also known as late effects. When referring to the side effects, of the many surgical procedures, most of common problems can happen during, and/or after the surgery. The side effects during the surgery range from, hemorrhaging, or bleeding out in the middle of surgery, to the possible damage of other organs, and also the side effects after, could be as serious as a deadly infection. Chemotherapy’s side effects are what the average person thinks of when thinking of a cancer patient losing their hair, horrible spells of nausea, including vomiting and debilitating fatigue. Managing these side effects include more medications, with more side effects to emanate. Late effects of chemotherapy include anywhere, from heart problems to developing other types of cancer. When using radiation therapy, the side effects are close to chemotherapy, with the similar possibility of developing another cancer, due to the treatment (Mayo,"Cancer Survivors: Late Effects of Cancer…

    • 2218 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Biology

    • 896 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Lung cancer is the number one form of deadly cancer in the United States. It is not only something that can kill you but also can put a strain on you and your family financially, emotionally, and medically. Lung cancer is formed when the cells of the lungs grow in an uncontrolled way, this creates a lump or a tumor which can either be malignant (cancerous) or benign (not cancerous). Radon gases, smoking, and second hand smoke cause lung cancer.…

    • 896 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Chemotherapy is the main treatment you hear about when it comes to any type of cancer, I personally know people who have had to deal with that and it can be a struggle at times. You can also try a clinical trial with a new treatment to try and heal the disease (chronic). There's also transplants you can try such as bone marrow transplants which is where the disease commonly starts, so they often try and replace that. Then there's targeted drug therapy, it can take care of and attack vulnerabilities of the cancer to help slow it down and help the process of stopping it completely. There's also palliative care that tries to help people with the pain that Chronic lymphocytic leukemia causes (Mayo Clinic Staff). Out of all the treatments there is, chemotherapy is most common and has the highest chance of stopping the cancer, a lot of times they will make you stay at a clinical center and receive the chemotherapy treatment for weeks at a time until it is better.…

    • 649 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Lung Cancer Term Paper

    • 1575 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Isaac Hassan, M. C. (2009, 03 03). Imaging in Lung Cancer Staging. Retrieved 04 06, 2011, from Medscape Reference: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/362919-overview#showall…

    • 1575 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Brain Tumor Virology

    • 1388 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Cancer is a disease that takes the lives of thousands upon thousands of people each year. There are more than 100 different types of cancers known to man. For example, brain tumor, an abnormal growth of cells within the brain or central spinal cord. Every brain tumor is extremely dangerous and possibly life threatening because of the small amount of space within the intracranial cavity. However, there are signs and symptoms that can be discovered beforehand so the tumor can be treated.…

    • 1388 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays