Information Technology

Topics: AIDS, HIV, Sex education Pages: 61 (19570 words) Published: June 20, 2013
Unit1
Part I
B
Speaker 1> not remember very much about childhood / not very close / not talk very much

Speaker 2 > get on very well with mum / talk very openly

Speaker 3 >(mum) always tell me to do this and do that / (father) let me do what I want

Speaker 4-> fond memories of childhood / seemingly spoil us

Tape script:

1. I don't remember very much about my childhood, actually. My wife's always asking me "When you were a boy, did you use to... "and I reply "I don't know, I can't remember." We didn't ... we didn't use to talk very much, we weren't very close, or if we were, we didn't show it. I remember I used to have my hair cut every Friday. My father and I would go together. I had the shortest hair in the school. When they'd finished cutting it, they'd burn the ends with a sort of candle. Oh I'll never forget that smell.

2. I got on very well with my mother. I used to tell her everything- or nearly everything -- and she'd talk to me very openly too. Sometimes she'd say to me "Don't go to school today. Stay with me." And we'd go out shopping or something like that.

3. I'm not a very tidy person, but my mother's very house-proud, so she's always telling me to pick things up and put them away, and do this and do that. She goes on for hours about "Cleanliness is next to godliness." My father isn't like that at all. He lets me do what I want. I think he's learned not to pay attention.

4. I have very fond memories of my childhood. To me it represented security. We used to do a lot together as a family. I remember walks, and picnics, and going for rides on a Sunday afternoon. Every Friday, when my father came home from work, he had a treat for each of us. My mother used to say he was spoiling us, but why not? It didn't do us any harm.

Part III Family
A.
The Family
I. Functions of family
A. Providing necessities of life
B. Offering affectionate joys
C. Raising children to adulthood
D. Giving protection in times of emergency
II Patterns of family
A. Extended family -- uncles, aunts, cousins and in-laws
B. Nuclear family -- a husband, wife and their children
C. Polygamous household- a husband, several wives and their children D. Divided residence -- husband and wife living separately with children raised by mother's brother E. Nayar way of living -- brothers and sisters and sisters' children F. Communal living group- persons not biologically related

III Factors influencing family structure
A. Economic conditions
e.g. No aid from society or state -- extended family
B. Industrialization and urbanization
e.g. Creation of many specialized jobs -- nuclear family
C. Inheritance customs
e.g. 1. Property inherited by eldest son
2. Property inherited by all of sons
Tapescript:
Throughout history the basic unit of almost every human society has been the family. The members of the family live together under the same roof, they share the economic burdens of life as well as its affectionate joys, and it is the family which has primary responsibility for the important task of raising children to adulthood. The family is not a uniform concept in all societies. In many places it is an extended group which includes uncles, aunts, cousins and in-laws. The family head usually has considerable influence in arranging marriages, selecting careers and determining all important moves and purchases by any member of the family. Particularly in conditions where society or the state does not give aid and where consequently the responsibilities of the family are greater, this larger group provides better protection in times of economic or other emergency. In many other societies, including most industrialized ones, the "nuclear family" is the basic social unit. This term refers to a husband and wife united through marriage and their dependent children, whether natural or adopted. Industrialization and urbanization create many specialized jobs which tend to scatter family members among different employers and...
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