Project failure en masse: a study of loose budgetary control in ISD projects Introduction
Information systems development(ISD) projects always run over-budget entirely or even fail, Managing ISD projects
Project management control
The concept of the term ”control” is can not easy to be defined, which respects various meaning. In ISD projects，effective project control is quite significance, playing a main place to cause the failure of projects. It is an effective method to implement project control by using combination of many input-oriented, process-oriented and output-oriented controls as result, action and personnel controls. The most focus of the control is almost always multi-dimensional and the major axes are time, cost and scope. in some cases, other aspects also are consideration. Measuring “tight budgetary control”
In order to capture tight budgetary control, Van der Stede construct a measurement instrument, which is one of the earliest and most commonly used at the time. It included five subcomponents：low tolerance for interim budget deviations, line item control, intensity of budget-related communication, emphasis on meeting the budget, and level of tolerance for budget revisions during the year（no support）. Unlike other studies, his literature more concern about “the junction between corporate management and business unit managers” and his model is quite a good example to be followed. Research design
They selected four almost totally different projects from one business unit（..）, which are two best performing projects and two worst ones. The management team members include：a senior manager, an account manager, an audit team and a steering committee, and the objective is to determine what ISD factors explain the tightness of that budgetary control. However, some variables maybe influence the research either Face-to-face interview is main data collection method, which spend over 6-month. By this way, the information is more accurate, the...
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