Information Management: Developing Health Management Information Systems

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Question: Identify any information management activity in any organization of your choice and apply the processes of designing data and information management.

Developing Health Management Information Systems
The basic concepts
Some Definitions
System: A collection of components that work together to achieve a common objective.
Information System: A system that provides information support to the decision-making process at each level of an organization
Health Information System: A system that integrates data collection, processing, reporting, and use of the information necessary for improving health service effectiveness and efficiency through better management at all levels of health services
Health Management Information System: An information system specially designed to assist in the management and planning of health programs, as opposed to delivery of care
HMIS: Health management information system

Steps in Developing a Health Management Information System
(1) Review the existing system
(2) Define the data needs of relevant units within the health system
(3) Determine the most appropriate and effective data flow
(4) Design the data collection and reporting tools
(5) Develop the procedures and mechanisms for data processing
(6) Develop and implement a training program for data providers and data users
(7) Pre-test, and if necessary, redesign the system for data collection, data flow, data processing and data utilization
(8) Monitor and evaluate the system
(9) Develop effective data dissemination and feedback mechanisms
(10) Enhance the HMIS

1. REVIEWING THE EXISTING SYSTEM
PRINCIPLE
Do not destroy existing systems; build on the strengths and learn from the weaknesses of what already exists.

STEPS
(1) Make an inventory of the forms, log books and other tools used to record and summarize data at different levels.
(2) Assess the quality of the data being collected using the

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