Influence of Superstitious Belief

Topics: Religious belief, Superstition, Luck Pages: 6 (1572 words) Published: June 14, 2014
INFLUENCE
 OF
 SUPERSTITIOUS
 BELIEF
 ON
 DEGREE
 OF
 PERCIEVED
 CAPABILITY
 TO
 CONTROL
 
EQUIVOCAL
 OUTCOMES
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
INFLUENCE
 OF
 SUPERSTITIOUS
 BELIEF
 ON
 DEGREE
 OF
 PERCIEVED
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CAPABILITY
 TO
 CONTROL
 EQUIVOCAL
 OUTCOMES
 

 

 

 
The
 University
 of
 New
 South
 Wales
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INFLUENCE
 OF
 SUPERSTITIOUS
 BELIEF
 ON
 DEGREE
 OF
 PERCIEVED
 CAPABILITY
 TO
 CONTROL
 
EQUIVOCAL
 OUTCOMES
 

 

 
INTRODUCTION
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Superstition
  is
  an
  over
  credulous
  faith
  where
  it
  is
  believed
  to
 
cause
 one
 event
 as
 a
 result
 of
 another
 with
 no
 natural
 process
 linking
 
the
 two.
 Subjective
 evidence
 implies
 that
 an
 individuals
 having
 high
 
superstitious
  belief
  considers
  that
  he/
  she
  has
  an
  evident
  degree
  of
 
control
 over
 outcomes
 of
 which
 they
 have
 none.
 The
 following
 study
 
investigates
  whether
  a
  relationship
  exists
  between
  the
  levels
  of
 
superstitious
  belief
  of
  an
  individual
  and
  the
  perceived
  control
  over
 
an
  outcome.
  Participants
  were
  first
  asked
  to
  fill
  a
  questionnaire
 
which
 determined
 their
 level
 of
 superstition
 and
 subsequently
 were
 
asked
  to
  sit
  at
  a
  computer
  screen
  displaying
  a
  light
  bulb
  and
  were
 
asked
  to
  carry
  out
  a
  simple
  task
  of
  clicking
  the
  mouse
  and
  observe
 
whether
  the
  light
  flashed
  on
  or
  not;
  thereby
  indicating
  the
  level
  of
 
“controllability”
 of
 the
 participants.
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Previous
 research
 carried
 out
 by
 Jeffery
 Rudski
 of
 Muhlenburg
 
College,
  studied
  the
  “interrelationships
  between
  perceived
 
controllability,
  optimism,
  pessimism
  and
  superstition,”
  [Rudski,
  J.
 
(2004)
  Current
  Psychology]
  and
  arrived
  at
  the
  hypothesis
  that
  all
 
perceived
  controllability
  and
  superstition

References: Arias, Rosa Bersabé and Rosario Martínez. (2000). Superstition in Gambling.
Psychology in Spain, 4(1), 28-34.
Rudski, Jeffrey & Edwards, Ashleigh. (2010). Malinowski Goes to College:
Factors Influencing Students ' use of Ritual and Superstition. The Journal of
General Psychology, 134:4, 389-403.
Matute, H. (1995). Human reactions to uncontrollable outcomes: Further
evidence for superstitions rather than helplessness. The Quarterly Journal of
Experimental Psychology, 48(2), 142-157
Rudski, J (2004). The illusion of control, superstitious belief, and optimism.
Current Psychology, 22 (4), 306-315.
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