Topics: Pregnancy, Zygote, Fertility Pages: 3 (1043 words) Published: November 19, 2008
Infertility and ART (Assisted Reproductive Technologies)
There are many things that can cause infertility in both a man and women. Infertility can be cause by poor lifestyle or sexual habits. Although both of these problems can be reversed by change, there are more excessive problems that can happen to a man of a women to cause infertility. PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease) is the most common cause of infertility worldwide in women. PID is an infection in the pelvis or one or more of the reproductive organs such as the fallopian tubs or the ovaries or even the uterus or cervix. Another common cause of infertility in a woman is what is called PCO (Polycystic ovary syndrome). This nearly affects 5 million women each year. The ovaries produce high amounts of male hormones, which in turn the follicles do not produce eggs and are eventually form fluid-filled cysts that then cover the ovaries. Endometriosis, another disease found to cause infertility in women, refers to a condition in which sections of the uterine lining implant in the vagina, ovaries, fallopian tubes or pelvis. These implants eventually form cysts that grow with each menstrual cycle, and may eventually turn into blisters and scars. The scars can then block the passage of the egg. Other problems that can arise in causing women to become infertile are: Ovary problems, Sexually transmitted diseases, Hormonal problems, Immune system problems, Luteal phase defect, Fibroids, Illnesses, or Medications. Just like women, the male has numerous ways of becoming infertile. The most common cause of male infertility is a problem with their sperm. A male can either have a low sperm count or poor quality sperm. Under-developed testes are a more common thing that causes infertility in men. It is usually arising after having a hernia surgery, mumps, or a birth defect. A swollen vein in the scrotum is another common cause. Undescended testes which are a problem often present from birth in...
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