Infectious Disease Paper

Topics: Staphylococcus aureus, Antibiotic resistance, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Pages: 3 (835 words) Published: July 27, 2014
Infectious Disease
Tamarra Burnett
HCA/240
5/11/2014
Bruce Gould

Infectious Disease
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a bacterial infection that is resistant to most antibiotics. MRSA is also referred to as the superbug or the flesh eating disease. It is common for patients to contract MRSA in hospital and nursing home facilities. In these particular settings, it is often life threatening. The University of Chicago Medicine reports more than 90,000 Americans suffer each year from MRSA and approximately 20,000 will die as a result of contracting the infection. Of these numbers, it has been reported many are children. Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA)

MRSA is a “strain of the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus. Staphylococcus aureus bacteria normally live on the skin and in the nasal passages of healthy individuals.” (Chandler, 2011) Bacteria can easily cause infection once the skin has been cut, or scraped and enters the body. It is common in hospital settings and nursing home facilities for patients to become infected through catheters and breathing tubes. Because MRSA is resistant to many antibiotics, it is difficult to treat and leaves the body vulnerable to serious complications. As a direct result of inflammatory response, septic shock can occur. Toxins are released into the body once MRSA has been contracted. “This inflammatory response can damage organs, including the brain, heart, kidney, liver and intestines. Symptoms of septic shock include a high or low body temperature, chills, lightheadedness and low blood pressure” (Chandler, 2011)

MRSA, in most cases affects the skin. Usually there are boils present on the skin or some form of infection in a localized area of the body. MRSA has also been known to spread to other parts of the body such as the lungs, bones, and the joints. Symptoms may include redness, swelling, pain, fever, feelings of warm to the touch in the infected area, and pus.

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References: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011) Retrieved from
http://www.cdc.gov/mrsa/healthcare/clinicians/materials-hcp/index.html
Chandler, S. (2011). Complications of MRSA if Left Untreated. Retrieved from http://http://www.livestrong.com/article/75900-complications-mrsa-left-untreated/
WebMD. (2014). WebMD. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and
treatments/understanding-mrsa-detection-treatment
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